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Vocabularies
Name Description Publisher Scope Domain(s) Type
MARC 21 MARC 21 Format for Bibliographic Data is designed to be a carrier for bibliographic information about printed and manuscript textual materials, computer files, maps, music, continuing resources, visual materials, and mixed materials. Bibliographic data commonly includes titles, names, subjects, notes, publication data, and information about the physical description of an item.The bibliographic format contains data elements for the following types of material:Books (BK) - used for printed, electronic, manuscript, and microform textual material that is monographic in nature.Continuing resources (CR) - used for printed, electronic, manuscript, and microform textual material that is issued in parts with a recurring pattern of publication (e.g., periodicals, newspapers, yearbooks). (NOTE: Prior to 2002, Continuing resources (CR) were referred to as Serials (SE)).Computer files (CF) - used for computer software, numeric data, computer-oriented multimedia, online systems or services. Other classes of electronic resources are coded for their most significant aspect. Material may be monographic or serial in nature.Maps (MP) - used for all types of printed, electronic, manuscript, and microform cartographic materials, including atlases, sheet maps, and globes. Material may be monographic or serial in nature.Music (MU) - used for printed, electronic, manuscript, and microform music, as well as musical sound recordings, and non-musical sound recordings. Material may be monographic or serial in nature. Visual materials (VM) - used for projected media, non-projected media, two-dimensional graphics, three-dimensional artifacts or naturally occurring objects, and kits. Material may be monographic or serial in nature.Mixed materials (MX) - used primarily for archival and manuscript collections of a mixture of forms of material. Material may be monographic or serial in nature. (NOTE: Prior to 1994, Mixed materials (MX) were referred to as Archival and manuscript material (AM)). Network Development and MARC Standards Office Generic / peripheral - Schema / element set
MARC XML Developed by the Library of Congress MARCXML is an XML schema based on MARC21. The Library of Congress Generic / peripheral - Schema / element set
Matter transfer ontology The Matter Transfer ontology is dedicated to matter transfer (eg O2, CO2, H2O) and mechanical properties of materials (eg food, packaging). Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique (INRA) Food and agriculture Food and Human Nutrition; Agricultural Research, Technology and Engineering; Food and Human Nutrition Ontology
Meaningful Bibliographic Metadata Meaningful Bibliographic Metadata (M2B) is a set of recommendations for content providers to select appropriate metadata properties for the creation, management and exchange of meaningful bibliographic information. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Generic / peripheral - Application profile, Model
MESCO Meat Supply Chain Ontology Not published. Described in the paper: "MESCO (MEat Supply Chain Ontology): An ontology for supporting traceability in the meat supply chain" by Teresa Pizzuti, Giovanni Mirabelli, Giovanni Grasso, Giulia Paldino. The paper describes the MEat Supply Chain Ontology (MESCO), an ontology developed for supporting the management of meat traceability along the whole supply chain. The article describes the main features of MESCO, illustrating the different steps followed for its development and some example of application. MESCO has been validated and interrogated through the formulation of several queries expressed in Description Logic (DL), executed using the Pellet reasoner, to deal with different scenarios and problems of traceability - Food and agriculture Food and Human Nutrition Model, Ontology
MeSH - Medical Subject Headings MeSH is the National Library of Medicine's controlled vocabulary thesaurus. It consists of sets of terms naming descriptors in a hierarchical structure that permits searching at various levels of specificity. MeSH descriptors are arranged in both an alphabetic and a hierarchical structure. At the most general level of the hierarchical structure are very broad headings such as "Anatomy" or "Mental Disorders." More specific headings are found at more narrow levels of the twelve-level hierarchy, such as "Ankle" and "Conduct Disorder." There are 26,142 descriptors in 2011 MeSH. There are also over 177,000 entry terms that assist in finding the most appropriate MeSH Heading, for example, "Vitamin C" is an entry term to "Ascorbic Acid." In addition to these headings, there are more than 199,000 headings called Supplementary Concept Records (formerly Supplementary Chemical Records) within a separate thesaurus U.S. National Library of Medicine Generic / peripheral [Peripheral / neighbouring domains]; Physical and Chemical Sciences Subject heading scheme
Metadata Authority Description Schema The Metadata Authority Description Schema (MADS) is an XML schema for an authority element set that may be used to provide metadata about agents (people, organizations), events, and terms (topics, geographics, genres, etc.). MADS serves as a companion to the Metadata Object Description Schema (MODS) to provide metadata about the authoritative entities used in MODS descriptions. The standard is maintained by the MODS/MADS Editorial Committee with the Network Development and MARC Standards Office of the Library of Congress and input from users. - Generic / peripheral - Schema / element set
Metadata Object Description Schema Metadata Object Description Schema (MODS) is a schema for a bibliographic element set that may be used for a variety of purposes, and particularly for library applications. The standard is maintained by the Network Development and MARC Standards Office of the Library of Congress with input from users. Network Development and MARC Standards Office of the Library of Congress Generic / peripheral - Schema / element set
METCE (Modele pour l'Echange de Temps, Climate et Eau) The Modèle pour l’Échange des Informations sur le Temps, le Climate et l’Éau (METCE) is a Logical Data Model (LDM) that was developed to work within the O&M framework and support WMO domains. METCE provides an information framework that will be useful when applying O&M to the task of modelling WMO codes. It contains three parts. The first part of METCE is a series of definitions of observation/forecast types (referring explicitly to the optional type sub-element defined in the OGC “Observations and Measurements – XML Implementation”. These types are defined authoritatively by the WMO Registry (http://codes.wmo.int). The second part of METCE is a data model for certain meteorological phenomena. The third part of METCE includes a data model for procedures. This is a concrete implementation of the OM_Process class found in O&M. World Meteorological Organization Generic / peripheral Meteorology and Climatology; [Peripheral / neighbouring domains] Model, Schema / element set
Multi-scale Multi-step ontology The Multi-scale Multi-step ontology (MS²O) is an ontology to describe transformation processes., Multi-scale Multi-step ontology (MS²O) est une ontologie permettant de décrire des processus de transformation. - Food and agriculture Agricultural Research, Technology and Engineering Ontology
Multilingual Glossary of Forest Genetic Resources A result of a cooperation programme between the FAO Forestry Department and the IUFRO SilvaVoc Terminology Project. Available in English, French, Spanish and German. International Union of Forest Research Organizations (IUFRO), Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) Food and agriculture Forest Science and Forest Products Glossary
Multilingual Irrigation and Drainage Dictionary The Multilingual Technical Dictionary (MTD) of all technical terms related to irrigation, drainage, flood management, environment, river training and allied disciplines (see contents below)is a flagship publication of the ICID. First published in English and French languages in 1967, the 4th edition of the MTD (English-French) was brought out on CD-ROM in the year 2002. Current 5th edition defines 9370 technical terms in Chinese, Japanese and Russian, besides English and French. International Commission on Irrigation and Drainage Food and agriculture - Dictionary
Multilingual Land Tenure Thesaurus The thesaurus is not exhaustive. Land tenure is a vast theme, interdisciplinary in nature, which encompasses various topics, including law, geography, agronomy, sociology, economy and marketing. - Food and agriculture Natural Resources, Earth and Environment Thesaurus
Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database The names of economic plants and their relatives. 70 most spoken languages in the world, 25 scripts - Food and agriculture Plant Science and Plant Products Terminology
Multilingual Soilspecific Thesaurus (SoilThes): Soil Vocabulary (ISO 11074) Thematic terms for categorizing soil information: "Soil Vocabulary" collection. GEMET was choosen as backbone, which means that the structure of GEMET as well as the concepts of GEMET with translations into 11 languages, are the basis of SoilThes. Any other concepts are integrated into this structure, thus creating an extension to the official vocabulary of INSPIRE. GS Soil project, Coordination Center PortalU at the Lower Saxony Ministry of Environment, Energy and Climate Protection Food and agriculture Natural Resources, Earth and Environment Thesaurus
NASA Ames Format The NASA Ames Format for Data Exchange, often referred to as NASA Ames Format, grew out of NASA aircraft campaigns and was first formalised at the Ames Research Centre, California, during the 1987 Stratosphere Troposphere Exchange Project (STEP), when uniform rules to record data were needed to facilitate the data exchange between the participants and allow shared use of a minimised amount of software to analyse and display different datasets. The issue was that the adopted data format should meet the following requirements: it had to be portable (readable on any machine by any programming language); it had to be self-describing (that is, the data had to include an attachment containing all the information needed to read, understand and interpret them – thus ensuring the reader's autonomy); it had to be readable by humans (to retain the benefit of its self-description!). The first and third requirements implied the adoption of a text format (namely ASCII). The second condition was met by including in each data file a header containing the descriptive information (metadata). Very well suited to field campaigns involving several teams that need to share their observations, the NASA Ames Format is not well adapted to very voluminous datasets. In this case, although less portable, a binary format is recommended. Any set of functions of 1 to 4 variables can be recorded using the NASA Ames format, which makes it particularly suitable for atmospheric datasets, whether modelled or observed. Some NASA Ames file format indices are better adapted to airborne platforms (balloons, aircraft).  NASA Generic / peripheral [Peripheral / neighbouring domains]; Meteorology and Climatology Binary / text data format
National Agricultural Library Thesaurus An online vocabulary to search for agricultural and biological terms. The Thesaurus is organized to help find terms in a specific discipline or subject area."The thesaurus is organized into 17 subject categories, indicated by the 'Subject Category' designation. The subject categories are used to browse the Thesaurus in a specific discipline or subject area. The subject scope of agriculture is broadly defined in the thesaurus, and includes terminology in the supporting biological, physical and social sciences. Biological nomenclature comprises a majority of the terms in the thesaurus and is located in the 'Taxonomic Classification of Organisms' Subject Category. Political geography is mainly described at the country level. The NAL Agricultural Thesaurus includes hierarchical, equivalence and associative relationships among concepts. English Total Terms - 87,438 Lead-in Terms - 38,418 Preferred Terms - 49,020 Subject Categories - 17 Scope Notes - 831 Definitions - 3,302 Spanish Total Terms - 75,588 Lead-in Terms - 26,568 Preferred Terms - 49,020 Subject Categories - 17 Scope Notes - 502 Definitions - 3,149. The thesaurus is primarily used for indexing and for improving retrieval of agricultural information. Currently, the thesaurus is the indexing vocabulary for the National Agricultural Library's bibliographic database of citations to agricultural resources, AGRICOLA. The Food Safety Research Information Office (FSRIO) and Agricultural Network Information Center (AgNIC) also use the NALT as the indexing vocabulary for their information systems. In addition, the NALT is used as an aid for locating information at the Agricultural Research Service, Economic Research Service and AgNIC web sites and databases." Inter-American Institute for Cooperation on Agriculture (IICA) Food and agriculture Agricultural Research, Technology and Engineering Thesaurus
National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) Organismal Classification The NCBI Taxonomy Database is a curated classification and nomenclature for all of the organisms in the public sequence databases. National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) Food and agriculture Organisms; [Peripheral / neighbouring domains] Ontology
National Library of Medicine (NLM) Metadata Schema It is designed for use with electronic resources published by the NLM and incorporates additional elements and qualifiers identified as requirements by NLM. National Library of Medicine Generic / peripheral - Schema / element set
NCI Thesaurus NCI Thesaurus (NCIt) provides reference terminology for many NCI and other systems. It covers vocabulary for clinical care, translational and basic research, and public information and administrative activities.NCIt features:Stable, unique codes for biomedical concepts;Preferred terms, synonyms, definitions, research codes, external source codes, and other information;Links to NCI Metathesaurus and other information sources;Over 200,000 cross-links between concepts, providing formal logic-based definition of many concepts;Extensive content integrated from NCI and other partners, much available as separate NCIt subsetsUpdated frequently by a team of subject matter experts. NCIt is a widely recognized standard for biomedical coding and reference, used by a broad variety of public and private partners both nationally and internationally including the Clinical Data Interchange Standards Consortium Terminology (CDISC), the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA), the Federal Medication Terminologies (FMT), and the National Council for Prescription Drug Programs (NCPDP). US National Health Institute Generic / peripheral Health and Pathology Thesaurus
NetCDF - Network Common Data Form The Network Common Data Form, or netCDF, is an interface to a library of data access functions for storing and retrieving data in the form of arrays, and it's also by extension the name of the format in which the data are stored. An array is an n-dimensional rectangular structure containing items which all have the same data type (e.g., 8-bit character, 32-bit integer). A scalar (simple single value) is a 0-dimensional array. NetCDF is an abstraction that supports a view of data as a collection of self-describing, portable objects that can be accessed through a simple interface. Array values may be accessed directly, without knowing details of how the data are stored. Auxiliary information about the data, such as what units are used, may be stored with the data. Generic utilities and application programs can access netCDF datasets and transform, combine, analyze, or display specified fields of the data. The development of such applications has led to improved accessibility of data and improved re-usability of software for array-oriented data management, analysis, and display. The mere use of netCDF is not sufficient to make data "self-describing" and meaningful to both humans and machines. The names of variables and dimensions should be meaningful and conform to any relevant conventions. A number of groups have defined their own additional conventions and styles for netCDF data.  Unidata, University Corporation for Atmospheric Research (UCAR) Generic / peripheral Geospatial and geopolitical domain; Meteorology and Climatology; [Peripheral / neighbouring domains] Binary / text data format
NetCDF Climate and Forecast (CF) metadata conventions The conventions for CF (Climate and Forecast) metadata are designed to promote the processing and sharing of files created with the NetCDF API. The CF conventions are increasingly gaining acceptance and have been adopted by a number of projects and groups as a primary standard. The conventions define metadata that provide a definitive description of what the data in each variable represents, and the spatial and temporal properties of the data. This enables users of data from different sources to decide which quantities are comparable, and facilitates building applications with powerful extraction, regridding, and display capabilities. Framed as a netCDF standard, but most CF ideas relate to metadata design in general and not specifically to netCDF, and hence can be contained in other formats such as XML Climate and Forecast metadata conventions Generic / peripheral Natural Resources, Earth and Environment; [Peripheral / neighbouring domains]; Meteorology and Climatology Binary / text data format, Model
New Zealand Soil Classification The New Zealand Soil Classification was developed in the 1980s. The top three levels of the classification ( orders, groups, and subgroups) were described by Hewitt (1993) and the fourth level (soilforms) by Clayden and Webb (1994). The new classification grew out of the New Zealand Genetic Soil Classification and, where possible, preserved its useful features. The new classification was also influenced by local experience in testing the United States soil classification system Soil Taxonomy The resulting classification represents the best attempt to classify New Zealand soils, at our current state of knowledge Landcare Research Food and agriculture Natural Resources, Earth and Environment; Physical and Chemical Sciences Classification scheme
OGC CF-netCDF 3.0 encoding using GML Coverage Application Schema The Geography Markup Language (GML) is an XML grammar for expressing geographical features. GML serves as a modeling language for geographic systems as well as an open interchange format for geographic transactions on the Internet. As with most XML based grammars, there are two parts to the grammar – the schema that describes the document and the instance document that contains the actual data. A GML document is described using a GML Schema. This allows users and developers to describe generic geographic data sets that contain points, lines and polygons. However, the developers of GML envision communities working to define community-specific application schemas that are specialized extensions of GML. Using application schemas, users can refer to roads, highways, and bridges instead of points, lines and polygons. If everyone in a community agrees to use the same schemas they can exchange data easily and be sure that a road is still a road when they view it. Clients and servers with interfaces that implement the OpenGIS® Web Feature Service Interface Standard (http://www.opengeospatial.org/standards/wfs) read and write GML data. GML is also an ISO standard (ISO 19136:2007) (www.iso.org/iso/iso_catalogue/catalogue_tc/catalogue_detail.htm?csnumber=32554). This specification doesn't provide an additional schema: it refers to the existing GML schemas and the UCAR Unidata schema for ncML. Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) Generic / peripheral [Peripheral / neighbouring domains]; Meteorology and Climatology Application profile, Schema / element set
OGC CF-netCDF3 Data Model Extension standard The OGC netCDF encoding supports electronic encoding of geospatial data, that is, digital geospatial information representing space and time-varying phenomena. This standard specifies the CF-netCDF data model extension. This standard specifies the CF-netCDF data model mapping onto the ISO 19123 coverage schema. This standard deals with multi-dimensional gridded data and multi-dimensional multipoint data. In particular, this extension standard encoding profile is limited to multi-point, and regular and warped grids; however, irregular grids are important in the CF-netCDF community and work is underway to expand the CF-netCDF to encompass other coverages types, including irregular gridded datasets. Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) Generic / peripheral [Peripheral / neighbouring domains]; Meteorology and Climatology Binary / text data format
OGC Coverage Implementation Schema OGC CIS defines coverages, that is: spatio-temporally varying phenomena; technically, this unifies (regular and irregular) grids, point clouds, and meshes. In particular, CIS is the OGC datacube standard. Multiple encodings are available, such as XML, JSON, RDF, NetCDF, GeoTIFF, GRIB2, and more. CIS is in active use, supported by a who's who of open-source and proprietary tools, both clients and servers. Official reference implementation is rasdaman. As opposed to the companion standards ISO 19123 / OGC Abstract Topic 6, CIS stablishes concrete, interoperable coverages amenable to compliance testing, eg, in WCS.   Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) Generic / peripheral [Peripheral / neighbouring domains]; Geospatial and geopolitical domain Data specification
OGC Geoscience Markup Language (GeoSciML) GeoSciML is a model of geological features commonly described and portrayed in geological maps, cross sections, geological reports and databases. The model was developed by the IUGS CGI (Commission for the Management and Application of Geoscience Information) and version 4.1 is the first version officially submitted as an OGC standard. This specification describes a logical model and GML/XML encoding rules for the exchange of geological map data, geological time scales, boreholes, and metadata for laboratory analyses. It includes a Lite model, used for simple map-based applications; a basic model, aligned on INSPIRE, for basic data exchange; and an extended model to address more complex scenarios. Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) Food and agriculture Natural Resources, Earth and Environment Model, Schema / element set
OGC GML Application Schema - Coverages - GeoTIFF Coverage Encoding Profile This Interface Standard is a profile of the OGC® GML Application Schema –Coverages version 1.0 [OC 09-146r2]. This document specifies the usage of the GeoTIFF data format for the encoding of GML coverages. This encoding is used by several OGC services like the Web Coverage Service (WCS) 2.0 Interface Standard – Core [OGC 09-110r4].  Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) Generic / peripheral [Peripheral / neighbouring domains]; Geospatial and geopolitical domain Binary / text data format
OGC Observations and Measurements - XML Implementation This standard specifies an XML implementation for the OGC and ISO Observations and Measurements (O&M) conceptual model (OGC Observations and Measurements v2.0 also published as ISO/DIS 19156), including a schema for Sampling Features. This encoding is an essential dependency for the OGC Sensor Observation Service (SOS) Interface Standard. More specifically, this standard defines XML schemas for observations, and for features involved in sampling when making observations. These provide document models for the exchange of information describing observation acts and their results, both within and between different scientific and technical communities. Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) Generic / peripheral Natural Resources, Earth and Environment; Meteorology and Climatology; [Peripheral / neighbouring domains] Schema / element set
OGC Sensor Model Language (SensorML) The primary focus of the Sensor Model Language (SensorML) is to provide a robust and semantically-tied means of defining processes and processing components associated with the measurement and post-measurement transformation of observations. This includes sensors and actuators as well as computational processes applied pre- and postmeasurement. The main objective is to enable interoperability, first at the syntactic level and later at the semantic level (by using ontologies and semantic mediation), so that sensors and processes can be better understood by machines, utilized automatically in complex workflows, and easily shared between intelligent sensor web nodes. This standard is one of several implementation standards produced under OGC’s Sensor Web Enablement (SWE) activity and it defines also the SWE Common Data Model Encoding Standard. . Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) Generic / peripheral Natural Resources, Earth and Environment; [Peripheral / neighbouring domains]; Meteorology and Climatology Schema / element set
OGC Timeseries Profile of Observations and Measurements TimeseriesML 1.0 defines an XML encoding that implements the OGC Timeseries Profile of Observations and Measurements [OGC 15-043r3], with the intent of allowing the exchange of such data sets across information systems. Through the use of existing OGC standards, it aims at being an interoperable exchange format that may be re-used to address a range of data exchange requirements. Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) Generic / peripheral Natural Resources, Earth and Environment; [Peripheral / neighbouring domains]; Meteorology and Climatology Model, Schema / element set
OGC W3C Semantic Sensor Network Ontology The Semantic Sensor Network Ontology (SSN) is an ontology for describing sensors and their observations, the involved procedures, the studied features of interest, the samples used to do so, and the observed properties, as well as actuators. SSN follows a horizontal and vertical modularization architecture by including a lightweight but self-contained core ontology called SOSA (Sensor, Observation, Sample, and Actuator) for its elementary classes and properties. Given their different scope and degree of axiomatization, SSN and SOSA support a wide range of applications and use cases, including satellite imagery, large-scale scientific monitoring, industrial and household infrastructures, social sensing, citizen science, observation-driven ontology engineering, and the Web of Things. W3C Generic / peripheral Natural Resources, Earth and Environment; [Peripheral / neighbouring domains]; Meteorology and Climatology Ontology
OGC Web Coverage Processing Service WCPS is OGC's Earth datacube analytics language, allowing "any query, any time" on spatio-temporal cverages, such as 2D satellite imagery, 3D x/y/t image timeseries and x/y/z geophysical data, 4D x/y/z/t atmospheric data, etc. WCPS is tightly integrated and harmonized with the OGC WCS suite (see separate entry). WCPS is in active use by international data centers, proven on 2.5+ PB assets and with queries distributed over 1000+ Amazon cloud nodes. Official reference implementation is rasdaman. Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) Generic / peripheral [Peripheral / neighbouring domains]; Geospatial and geopolitical domain -
OGC Web Coverage Service OGC WCS defines versatile, powerful services on coverages, in particular: datacubes, based on the OGC coverage standard, CIS (see separate listing). Basic functionality starts with extraction in space and time and reformatting into some user-specified format, includes various further modules (scaling, CRS reprojection, ingestion, etc.) up to datacube analytics via WCPS (see separate listing). As opposed to visualization standards like WMS, a WCS returns the original data, ready for furher processing and analytics. As opposed to other retrieval standards like WFS and SOS, WCS offers versatile functionality, starting with extraction of partial data from massive Earth Data assets (rather than requiring a full download). WCS is in active use, supported by a who's who of open-source and proprietary tools, both clients and servers, proven on 2.5+ PB assets. Official reference implementation is rasdaman. Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) Generic / peripheral [Peripheral / neighbouring domains]; Geospatial and geopolitical domain -
On-Line Glossary of Technical Terms in Plant Pathology includes picture and pronunciation of the term, mainaintained by Kathie T. Hodge - Food and agriculture Plant Science and Plant Products Glossary
ONIX ONIX is an XML-based standard for book metadata, providing a consistent way for publishers, retailers and their supply chain partners to communicate rich information about their products. It is expressly designed to be used globally, and is not limited to any one language or the characteristics of a specific national book trade - Generic / peripheral - Schema / element set
OntoBiotope The OntoBiotope Ontology describes all types of microorganism biotopes. Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique (INRA) Food and agriculture Natural Resources, Earth and Environment Ontology
Ontology for Food Processing Experiment INRA MISTEA, SPO, IATE Copyright © - INRA - 2014 - 2016 The Ontology for Agricultural Experiments is licensed by CC 4.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode), OFPE is a generic ontology specialized for food processing experiments, where raw ma- terials are transformed into final products. It includes dif- ferent classes that represent products and activities during food transformation processes, which can be classified into four main concepts, i.e., Product, Operation, Attribute, and Observation. - Food and agriculture Food and Human Nutrition Ontology
Open Biomedical Ontologies Open Biomedical Ontologies is an umbrella web address for well-structured controlled vocabularies for shared use across different biological and medical domains. Chris Mungall (GO, BIRN, modENCODE, BBOP) Food and agriculture - Ontology
Open Data Thesaurus The Open Data Thesaurus is a collection of key concepts and entities, their definitions and semantic links. Following the principle of “eat your own dog food” this thesaurus is available in machine-readable form based on open W3C standards and under a Creative Commons license. The thesaurus can thus be integrated into other applications, such as for creating mashups, or for indexing of documents. OGD Austria Generic / peripheral - Thesaurus
Open Development Mekong taxonomy Open Development Mekong has a development taxonomy, available in JSON format, with a top-tier hierarchy of 17 terms, with many terms under it. The full list can be found through the second list, on the navigation panel on the right. The wiki page (first link) gives access to the JSON repository on Github. Though the taxonomy does not seem to be used by any other organizations than the Open Development partners in the Mekong region. Open Development Mekong Food and agriculture Agricultural Research, Technology and Engineering; Farms and Farming Systems; Government, Agricultural Law and Regulations Taxonomy
Open Food Facts Food Ontology This ontology models the Food domain. It allows to describe ingredients and food products. Ontology used by the Open Food Facts dataset LIRMM Food and agriculture Food and Human Nutrition Ontology
OpenGIS OGC Geography Markup Language The Geography Markup Language (GML) is an XML grammar for expressing geographical features. GML serves as a modeling language for geographic systems as well as an open interchange format for geographic transactions on the Internet. As with most XML based grammars, there are two parts to the grammar – the schema that describes the document and the instance document that contains the actual data. A GML document is described using a GML Schema. This allows users and developers to describe generic geographic data sets that contain points, lines and polygons. However, the developers of GML envision communities working to define community-specific application schemas that are specialized extensions of GML. Using application schemas, users can refer to roads, highways, and bridges instead of points, lines and polygons. If everyone in a community agrees to use the same schemas they can exchange data easily and be sure that a road is still a road when they view it. Clients and servers with interfaces that implement the OpenGIS® Web Feature Service Interface Standard (http://www.opengeospatial.org/standards/wfs) read and write GML data. GML is also an ISO standard (ISO 19136:2007) (www.iso.org/iso/iso_catalogue/catalogue_tc/catalogue_detail.htm?csnumber=32554). Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) Generic / peripheral Geospatial and geopolitical domain Schema / element set
OpenGIS Web Map Service Interface Standard (WMS) The OpenGIS® Web Map Service Interface Standard (WMS) provides a simple HTTP interface for requesting geo-registered map images from one or more distributed geospatial databases. A WMS request defines the geographic layer(s) and area of interest to be processed. The response to the request is one or more geo-registered map images (returned as JPEG, PNG, etc) that can be displayed in a browser application. The interface also supports the ability to specify whether the returned images should be transparent so that layers from multiple servers can be combined or not. Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) Generic / peripheral Geospatial and geopolitical domain; [Peripheral / neighbouring domains] Model
Organic.Edunet IEEE LOM AP The Organic.Edunet Metadata AP is an adapted version of the IEEE LOM. It adapts certain vocabularies and recommendations from the Learning Resource Exchange (LRE) Metadata AP developed by the European Schoolnet (EUN) Consortium. It also considers the way other APs for agricultural learning repositories have been developed to facilitate interoperability with them, including the CG LOM Core developed by CGIAR and ARIADNE, FAO’s Ag-LR AP and others. Organic.Edunet Generic / peripheral Education and Agricultural Extension Schema / element set
OSCAR Observing Systems Capability Analysis and Review Tool: list of variables OSCAR is a resource developed by WMO in support of Earth Observation applications, studies and global coordination. It contains quantitative user-defined requirements for observation of physical variables in application areas of WMO (i.e. related to weather, water and climate). OSCAR also provides detailed information on all earth observation satellites and instruments, and expert analyses of space-based capabilities. The tool constitutes a building block of WIGOS and more specifically, the so-called Rolling Requirements Review process. OSCAR targets all users interested in the status and the planning of global observing systems as well as data users looking for instrument specifications at platform level. The list of variables is a data dictionary with definitions. World Meteorological Organization Generic / peripheral Natural Resources, Earth and Environment; [Peripheral / neighbouring domains]; Meteorology and Climatology Data dictionary
OWL for Observations An OWL representation of the Observation Schema described in clause 6 of ISO 19156:2011 Geographic Information - Observations and Measurements.A core ontology for modeling transformation processes and their observations. CSIRO Australia Generic / peripheral - Ontology
PBCore PBCore is a metadata standard designed to describe media, both digital and analog. Most importantly, it was designed for the Internet, and for the kinds of software applications we now use to manage, access, and share media files. Corporation for Public Broadcasting Generic / peripheral - Schema / element set
Pearl Millet Ontology CGIAR Pearl Millet Ontology - Food and agriculture Plant Science and Plant Products Ontology
Phenotypic Quality Ontology Phenotypic qualities (properties). This ontology can be used in conjunction with other ontologies such as GO or anatomical ontologies to refer to phenotypes. Examples of qualities are red, ectopic, high temperature, fused, small, edematous and arrested. OBO Technical WG Food and agriculture Plant Science and Plant Products Ontology
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