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Vocabularies
Name Description Publisher Scope Domain(s) Type
FAOSTAT Commodity List To promote consistency and comparability of information at the world level, FAO statistics provides national statistical offices with internationally recognized definitions, concepts and classifications. The FAOSTAT Commodity List (FCL) provides definitions and correspondences to international standards like the UN Central Product Classification (CPC) and the WCO Harmonized System..  Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) Food and agriculture Agro- Economics, Business and Industry; Animal Science and Animal Products; Food and Human Nutrition; Plant Science and Plant Products Classification scheme
Feature Annotation Location Description Ontology FALDO is the Feature Annotation Location Description Ontology. It is a simple ontology to describe sequence feature positions and regions as found in GFF3, DBBJ, EMBL, GenBank files, UniProt, and many other bioinformatics resources. The aim of this ontology is to describe the position of a sequence region or a feature. It does not aim to describe features or regions itself, but instead depends on resources such as the Sequence Ontology or the UniProt core ontolgy. - Food and agriculture - Ontology
Federal Geographic Data Committee Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata A widely-used, but no longer current standard defining the information content for a set of digital geospatial data required by the US Federal Government. CSDGM was sponsored by the US Federal Geographic Data Committee. However, in September 2010 the FGDC endorsed ISO 19115 and began encouraging federal agencies to transition to ISO metadata.  Federal Geographic Data Committee Generic / peripheral Geospatial and geopolitical domain Schema / element set
Fishbase Glossary The Fishbase Glossary contains definitions of more than 2,600 terms related to ichthyology, taxonomy, ecology, conservation, population dynamics, genetics, oceanography, geography and related disciplines. Terms and definitions are given in English, French, Spanish and Portuguese. Please contact us if you have any comments on our definitions or suggestions for additional terms. The glossary was originally derived from the various help messages in FishBase and checked against similar glossaries in taxonomic books and in biological, geographical and other dictionaries (e.g., UNEP/WCMC 1995). It also contains all vernacular names of fish families and the acronyms, addresses and additional information on 200 fish collections. Later we added (with permission) selected terms from glossaries in FAO Species Catalogues; the Zoological Code of Nomenclature (1985); the Marine Ecosystem Classification for the Tropical Island Pacific (Holthus and Maragos 1995); Fish Population Dynamics in Tropical Waters: a Manual for Use with Programmable Calculators (Pauly 1984); Guide Book to New Zealand Commercial Fish Species (Armitage et al. 1994); Field Guide to Trawl Fish from Temperate Waters of Australia (May and Maxwell 1986); Trawled Fishes of Southern Indonesia and Northwestern Australia (Gloerfelt-Tarp and Kailola 1984); Continental Shelf Fishes of Northern and North-Western Australia (Sainsbury et al. 1985); Status of Fishery Resources off the Southeastern United States for 1993 (Southeast Fisheries Science Center 1995); and several others. The definitions were edited and cross-referenced; you can get to the cross-referenced terms by double-clicking on the respective field. FishBase Information and Research Group (FIN) Food and agriculture Fisheries and Aquaculture Glossary
Fisheries Global Information System Glossary (part of FAOTERM) The fisheries glossary is a multilingual glossary which provides definitions related to the field of responsible (sustainable) fisheries development and management (including science and technology). Update: Originally created in 2001, the FAO Fisheries Glossary has been jointly upgraded by the Fisheries and Aquaculture Department and the Meeting Programming and Documentation Service. This upgrade stems from the need to have it become an integral part of FAO Term > see FAO TERM. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) Food and agriculture Fisheries and Aquaculture Glossary
Fisheries Metadata Element Set The Fisheries Metadata Element Set is a proposed standard for the encoding of structured documents within the domain of fisheries research and policy.FiMES is an exponent of the Dublin Core metadata standards, a set of simple, extensible elements used for resource description. FIGIS also supports the AGMES standards, a FAO-led initiative to extend the Dublin Core framework for purposes of agricultural resource description. The Dublin Core and AG standards are incorporated within the FIGIS FiMES standard. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Department Food and agriculture Fisheries and Aquaculture Schema / element set
Fishing Gear types This ontology manages reference data about gear types needed for the fisheries fact sheets. The type of gear installed on a vessel determines the type of fish that it can catch and therefore it is often used to determine the fleet power. The main classification of gear types is the International Standard Statistical Classification of Fishing Gear (ISSCFG). Although this classification was initially designed to improve the compilation of harmonised catch and effort data and in fish stock assessment exercises, it has also been found to be very useful for fisheries technology, fishermen training and for the preparation of specialized catalogues on artisanal and industrial fishing methods. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) Food and agriculture Fisheries and Aquaculture Classification scheme
Focus on Land in Africa Tags Focus on Land in Africa has published a glossary of almost 100 key terms on land governance and land tenure. This glossary is used as a resource tool in itself, to show users how the authors of the other resources available could have potentially meant by using the phrase (though they mention this is not necessarily the case). Focus on Land in Africa does not use this glossary to classify resources on their website. For that they use a different 'tags'-list of 40 keywords, including both topical and resource type keywords. The topical keywords do not necessarily match with the keywords of the glossary. Focus on Land in Africa Food and agriculture Government, Agricultural Law and Regulations Glossary, List
Food Product Ontology A common ontology, vocabulary or language for the food product domain that aims to help the manufactures, retailers, governments and institutions to publish their data related to this domain in a way maximising reuse of the data. The ontology is an extension of GoodRelations (http://purl.org/goodrelations/) for describing food and food products. ITMO University Food and agriculture Food and Human Nutrition Ontology
FOODIE ontology The FOODIE ontology, developed in the FOODIE EC-funed project, extends INSPIRE data model for Agriculture and Aquaculture Facilities theme. FOODIE ontology has been generated from FOODIE application schema (UML model), Revision 4.3.2, and translated into an ontology according to ISO/DIS 19150-2 with several modification using ShapeChange. FOODIE consortium Food and agriculture Farms and Farming Systems Ontology
FOODON FOODON is a new ontology built to interoperate with the OBO Library and to represent entities which bear a “food role”. It encompasses materials in natural ecosystems and food webs as well as human- centric categorization and handling of food. The latter will be the initial focus of the ontology, and we aim to develop semantics for food safety, food security, the agricultural and animal husbandry practices linked to food production, culinary, nutritional and chemical ingredients and processes. This project is motivated by the recognition that although several resources and standards for indexing food descriptors currently exist, their content and interrelations are not semantically and logically coherent. The scope of FOODON is ambitious and will require input from multiple domains. FOODON will import or map to material in existing ontologies and standards and will create content to cover gaps in the representation of food-related products and processes. The products of this work are being applied to research and clinical datasets such as those associated with the Canadian Healthy Infant Longitudinal Development (CHILD) study which examines the causal factors of asthma and allergy development in children, and the Integrated Rapid Infectious Disease Analysis (IRIDA) platform for genomic epidemiology and foodborne outbreak investigation. - Food and agriculture Food and Human Nutrition; Animal Science and Animal Products; Plant Science and Plant Products; Food and Human Nutrition Ontology
Forestry Terms A compilation of forestry terms commonly used by the British Columbia Ministry of Forests and Range. The definitions are provided for information only. British Columbia Ministry of Forests and Range Food and agriculture Forest Science and Forest Products Glossary
FranceTerm - - Generic / peripheral - Terminology
French Crop Usage A thesaurus about crops cultivated in France. The hierarchy is based on the final destination of the crop (human food, animal breeding, food industry) and the cultivated system. The hierachy is not based on scientific agronomic taxon like (species, genus). We are interested on categorize the usage of the crop, not on the plant classification. Institut national de recherche en sciences et technologies pour l'environnement et l'agriculture (IRSTEA) Food and agriculture Plant Science and Plant Products Ontology
Friend-of-a-friend The Friend of a Friend (FOAF) project is about creating a Web of machine-readable homepages describing people, the links between them and the things they create and do. Dan Brickley Generic / peripheral - Schema / element set
Gene Ontology Direct support for the Gene Ontology Consortium is provided by an R01 grant from the National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI) [grant HG02273]; AstraZeneca; Incyte Genomics; the European Union and the UK Medical Research Council. Free for public. The Gene Ontology Consortium Food and agriculture - Ontology
General Multilingual Environmental Thesaurus A thesaurus in 20+ languages for terms related to the environment and environmental data. Published by the European Environment Agency.Available in RDF without reuse constraints.The basic idea for the development of GEMET was to use the best of the presently available excellent multilingual thesauri, in order to save time, energy and funds. GEMET was conceived as a 'general' thesaurus, aimed to define a common general language, a core of general terminology for the environment. Specific thesauri and descriptor systems (e.g. on Nature Conservation, on Wastes, on Energy, etc.) have been excluded from the first step of development of the thesaurus and have been taken into account only for their structure and upper level terminology. The merging has been performed both on conceptual and formal basis. Coinciding concepts in the different thesauri have been identified and scored European Environment Agency (EEA) Generic / peripheral Natural Resources, Earth and Environment Thesaurus
GENO Ontology It is a representation of the taxonomy tree in the ontology format. Each term in this ontology can represent subspecies, species, genus, order, class or any rank in the classification. Primarily derived from NCBI Taxonomy, the revisions were made as and when/where required in the rankings. The rank of genome types was added by this project. This taxonomy ontology focuses on the Poaceae (Gramineae) family of plant taxonomy only. - Food and agriculture - Ontology
Genomic Feature and Variation Ontology The Genomic Feature and Variation Ontology (GFVO) is modeled to represent genomic data using the Resource Description Format (RDF) or Linked Data using JSON (JSON-LD). It is captures the contents of data files that adhere to the Generic Feature Format Version 3 (GFF3, http://www.sequenceontology.org/resources/gff3.html), the General Transfer Format (GTF, http://mblab.wustl.edu/GTF22.html), the Genome Variation Format Version 1 (GVF, http://www.sequenceontology.org/resources/gvf.html), and the Variant Call Format (VCF, http://vcftools.sourceforge.net/specs.html), as well as the FASTA format (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/FASTA_format). The creation of the ontology was inspired by previous work of Robert Hoehndorf on RDF2OWL (http://code.google.com/p/rdf2owl). NOTE: GFVO in BioPortal is a simplified version without ontology imports and having class/property equivalences removed. The full ontology is available at: http://www.biointerchange.org/gfvo CODAMONO Food and agriculture - Ontology
Geological Survey of Australia Thesaurus The Austrian Geological Survey (GBA) has released a thesaurus about their own domain. The main driving factor for institutions like the GBA to invest in thesaurus and taxonomy projects, is the increasing need for a uniform description of their data. The idea is that this enhances value and reusability of their products for their stakeholders. The Thesaurus of the Geological Survey of Austria is a bilingual (de/en) controlled vocabulary for the semantic harmonisation of geoscientific map-based geodata. Currently there are four thematic subjects available :lithologygeologic timescalegeologic unitstectonic units & classification. Marcus Ebner Generic / peripheral Natural Resources, Earth and Environment Thesaurus
GeoNames The GeoNames geographical database is available for download free of charge under a creative commons attribution license. It contains over 10 million geographical names and consists of over 9 million unique features whereof 2.8 million populated places and 5.5 million alternate names. All features are categorized into one out of nine feature classes and further subcategorized into one out of 645 feature codes.  The data is accessible free of charge through a number of webservices and a daily database export. GeoNames is already serving up to over 150 million web service requests per day. Christophe Boutreux Generic / peripheral Geospatial and geopolitical domain Name authority list
Geopolitical Ontology Geopolitical ontology The FAO geopolitical ontology and related services have been developed to facilitate data exchange and sharing in a standardized manner among systems managing information about countries and/or regions. The geopolitical ontology ensures that FAO and associated partners can rely on a master reference for geopolitical information, as it manages names in multiple languages (English, French, Spanish, Arabic, Chinese, Russian and Italian); maps standard coding systems (UN, ISO, FAOSTAT, AGROVOC, etc); provides relations among territories (land borders, group membership, etc); and tracks historical changes. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) Generic / peripheral Geospatial and geopolitical domain Ontology
Geospatial Application Profile The Geospatial Application Profile describes geospatial resources held in institutional repositories. Geospatial Application Profile (GAP) is analogous to the ePrints (SWAP) Profile JISC Digital Repositories programme, EDINA National Datacentre (Geoservices) Generic / peripheral Geospatial and geopolitical domain Application profile
Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names A hierarchical vocabulary of around 1.3 million names, and coordinates and other information for around 911,000 geographic places.available as TGN Relational table format, REC format, USMARC format. More than 1 million names and other information. - Generic / peripheral Geospatial and geopolitical domain Thesaurus
Global Agricultural Concept Scheme GACS explored the possibility of creating a global repository of concepts and terminology in the area of agriculture. This first beta is the result of the first experimental attempt, and it went very well! We now have a pool of concepts based on a mapping between AGROVOC, the CAB Thesaurus and the NAL Thesaurus. An analysis of the the coverage of GACS beta with respect to AGROVOC showed that it could already be used to index AGRIS, with no significant loss of indexing concepts. - Food and agriculture Agricultural Research, Technology and Engineering Thesaurus
Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) - Global Change Master Directory, NASA Generic / peripheral [Peripheral / neighbouring domains]; Meteorology and Climatology Thesaurus
Global Forest Decimal Classification The Global Forest Decimal Classification unit is a dynamic, open, user-driven community of individuals involved in forest-related research, committed to improving access to forestry and forest-related information by maintaining, enhancing and applying a flexible, multilingual, hierarchical, controlled subject classification. International Union of Forest Research Organizations (IUFRO) Food and agriculture Forest Science and Forest Products Classification scheme
Global Land Indicator Initiative The GLII glossary of terms is not available publicly yet, but will be published as a glossary of core land-related terms that will be used as a mechanism to compare progress of countries with regards to land tenure systems, and specifically the achievement of  the land tenure-related goal of the Social Development Goals. Global Land Tool Network Food and agriculture Government, Agricultural Law and Regulations; Natural Resources, Earth and Environment Glossary
Global Names Index The Global Names Index is a component of a semantic environment for biology called the Global Names Architecture (GNA). GNI has been developed by GBIF, EOL, and the NSF-funded Global Names projects. It has benefited from the ideas of an array of gifted and enthusiastic individuals who contributed through the Nomina workshops that they attended. Many initiatives world-wide have been compiling and validating scientific names. They sit at the core of the management of information in most biodiversity web-sites and web-accessible databases.GNI will help to foster the dynamic interactions among these initiatives. GNI itself is a fairly simple list of names, with reference to who holds the names, and links back to the sources of the names. It is an early module of GNA. New modules that appear will add nomenclatural authority and information to some of the names. Other services, such as the iPlant TNRS service can use reconciliation of alternative names to return preferred versions of names that are submitted. This is an open source development, the codebase is available under the MIT license, and the content is regarded as being in the public domain.. Nomina Participants Generic / peripheral - Terminology
Global Plant Checklist Up to now, records from 6 major floristic datasets have been imported, as well as 7 specialized family datasets. With a total of 248400 source records, the GPC now covers 201,397 different plant names belonging to 135,491 "potential taxa". IOPI Food and agriculture Plant Science and Plant Products Name authority list
Glossary of Aquaculture (part of FAOTERM) The FAO Fisheries Department has published a multilingual Glossary of Aquaculture containing, at the time of publication 2958 terms with definitions, synonyms, related terms, information sources and images, when available. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) Food and agriculture Fisheries and Aquaculture Glossary
Glossary of Climate Change Terms Glossary of Climate Change Terms is maintained by US Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) and defines terms used in relation to climate change.  United States Environment Protection Agency Food and agriculture Natural Resources, Earth and Environment; [Peripheral / neighbouring domains]; Meteorology and Climatology Glossary
Glossary of Phytosanitary Terms This reference standard presents a list of terms and definitions with specific meaning to plant quarantine personnel worldwide. It has been developed to provide an internationally recognized vocabulary for construction and implementation of phytosanitary measures. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) Food and agriculture Food and Human Nutrition; Plant Science and Plant Products Glossary
Government of Canada Core Subject Thesaurus A bilingual thesaurus consisting of terminology which represents all the fields treated in information resources of the Government of Canada (GC). It includes more than 3800 terms in English and more that 3900 terms in French, including close to 2100 preferred terms in each language. - Generic / peripheral Forest Science and Forest Products Thesaurus
Gramene Taxonomy Ontology It is a representation of the taxonomy tree in the ontology format. Each term in this ontology can represent subspecies, species, genus, order, class or any rank in the classification. Primarily derived from NCBI Taxonomy, the revisions were made as and when/where required in the rankings. The rank of genome types was added by this project. This taxonomy ontology focuses on the Poaceae (Gramineae) family of plant taxonomy only. Gramene Food and agriculture Organisms; [Peripheral / neighbouring domains] Ontology
GRIB - General Regularly-distributed Information in Binary form The World Meteorological Organization (WMO) Commission for Basic Systems (CBS) Extraordinary Meeting Number VIII (1985) approved a general purpose, bit-oriented data exchange format, designated FM 92-VIII Ext. GRIB (GRIdded Binary). It is an efficient vehicle for transmitting large volumes of gridded data to automated centers over high-speed telecommunication lines using modern protocols. By packing information into the GRIB code, messages (or records - the terms are synonymous in this context) can be made more compact than character oriented bulletins, which will produce faster computer-to-computer transmissions. GRIB can equally well serve as a data storage format, generating the same efficiencies relative to information storage and retrieval devices. World Meteorological Organization Generic / peripheral [Peripheral / neighbouring domains]; Meteorology and Climatology Binary / text data format, Messaging standard
GRIN Taxonomy for Plants USDA manages the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN): GRIN taxonomic data provide the structure and nomenclature for the accessions in the system. In GRIN Taxonomy all families and genera of vascular plants and over 40,000 species from throughout the world are represented, especially economic plants and their relatives. Information on scientific and common names, classification, distribution, references, and economic impacts are provided. United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) Food and agriculture Plant Science and Plant Products Taxonomy
Groundnut Ontology CGIAR Groundnut Ontology beta version CGIAR, International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT) Food and agriculture Plant Science and Plant Products Ontology
HDF5 File Format Specification The format of an HDF5 file on disk encompasses several key ideas of the HDF4 and AIO file formats as well as addressing some shortcomings therein. The new format is more self-describing than the HDF4 format and is more uniformly applied to data objects in the file. An HDF5 file appears to the user as a directed graph. The nodes of this graph are the higher-level HDF5 objects that are exposed by the HDF5 APIs: Groups, Datasets, Committed (formerly Named) datatypes. At the lowest level, as information is actually written to the disk, an HDF5 file is made up of the following objects: A superblock, B-tree nodes, Heap blocks, Object headers, Object data, Free space HDF Group Generic / peripheral Geospatial and geopolitical domain; Meteorology and Climatology; [Peripheral / neighbouring domains] Binary / text data format
Hypermedia Glossary of Genetic Terms Allows to: search the database, search genetic terms by picking from an alphabetical list of terms, search for the newest terms of the database. - Food and agriculture Agricultural Research, Technology and Engineering Glossary
IATI standards The IATI standard is a framework for publishing information on development cooperation activities in a timely, comprehensive and forward-looking manner. This site provides guidance, documentation and reference materials on the building blocks that make up the IATI Standard, among which codelists, schema & rulesets. International Aid Transparency Initiative (IATI) Food and agriculture Government, Agricultural Law and Regulations Code list, Schema / element set
IBP Cassava Trait Ontology CGIAR Cassava Ontology - Food and agriculture Plant Science and Plant Products Ontology
IBP Cowpea Trait Ontology Cowpea Trait Ontology - Food and agriculture Plant Science and Plant Products Ontology
IBP Crop Research Ontology Describes experimental design, environmental conditions and methods associated with the crop study/experiment/trail and their evaluation. CGIAR, Bioversity International, International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT) Food and agriculture Agricultural Research, Technology and Engineering; Plant Science and Plant Products Ontology
IBP Rice Trait Ontology CGIAR rice trait ontology version 3. Compared with IRRI SES and trait ontology. Based from SES, Rice Descriptor and IRIS DB. CGIAR, International Rice Research Institute (IRRI) Food and agriculture Plant Science and Plant Products Ontology
IBP Wheat Anatomy and Development Ontology Defines growth stages of wheat CGIAR Food and agriculture Plant Science and Plant Products Ontology
IBP Wheat Trait Ontology CIMMYT - Wheat - February 2016 CGIAR, International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT) Food and agriculture Plant Science and Plant Products Ontology
ICASA Data Standards for Agricultural Field Experiments and Production Data format for documenting experiments and modeling crop growth and development. The foundation of the standards is a master list variables that is organized in a hierarchical arrangement with major separations among descriptions of management practices or treatments, environmental conditions (soil and weather data), and measurements of crop responses. The plain text implementation is described in detail. Implementations in other digital formats (databases, spreadsheets, and data interchange formats) are also reviewed. Areas for further improvement and development are noted, particularly as related to describing pest damage, data quality and appropriate use of datasets. Used in the DSSAT tool (http://dssat.net/). The NASA Prediction of World Energy Resource web site includes an option for downloading modeled daily weather in the ICASA format International Consortium for Agricultural Systems Applications (ICASA) Generic / peripheral Agricultural Research, Technology and Engineering; Farms and Farming Systems Data dictionary, Schema / element set
IEEE 1484.12.1 – 2002 Standard for Learning Object Metadata The IEEE 1484.12.1 – 2002 Standard for Learning Object Metadata (IEEE LOM) is a data model, usually encoded in XML, used to describe a learning object and similar digital resources used to support learning. The purpose of learning object metadata is to support the reusability of learning objects, to aid discoverability, and to facilitate their interoperability, usually in the context of online learning management systems (LMS).IEEE LOM is an internationally-recognised open standard (published by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Standards Association, New York) for the description of “learning objects”. Relevant attributes of learning objects to be described include: type of object; author; owner; terms of distribution; format; and pedagogical attributes, such as teaching or interaction style. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Generic / peripheral Education and Agricultural Extension Model, Schema / element set
IFPRI Agricultural and Nutrition Technology Ontology (ANT) The Agricultural and Nutrition Technology Ontology (ANT) was developed by the CGIAR to make it easier for organizations to access information on tested technologies that can improve smallholder livelihoods and food security. Currently, ANT covers all areas in which the CGIAR is conducting research and training activities (linking to existing ontologies, such as Crop Ontology, whenever feasible). ANT provides definitions, context, and semantic relationships between terms in a reusable, machine-readable format.  international Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) Food and agriculture Farms and Farming Systems; Plant Science and Plant Products Ontology
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