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Vocabularies
Name Description Publisher Scope Domain(s) Type
Australian Emergency Management Terms Thesaurus The Australian Emergency Management Terms Thesaurus provides a list of terms commonly used across the emergency management sector. The thesaurus includes terms likely to be used by the sector, but not those relating to specific areas of particular emergency services. - Food and agriculture Government, Agricultural Law and Regulations Thesaurus
Australian Government Locator Service The Australian Government Locator Service (AGLS) is a set of 19 descriptive elements which government departments and agencies can use to improve the visibility and accessibility of their services and information over the Internet. The National Archives of Australia is the maintenance agency for the AGLS Metadata Standard. National Archives of Australia Generic / peripheral - Schema / element set
Australian Public Affairs Information Service Thesaurus APAIS is a subject index to scholarly articles in the social sciences and humanities published in Australia, and to selected periodical articles, conference papers, book and newspaper articles on Australian economic, social, political and cultural affairs. It is used to index articles for APAIS: Australian Public Affairs Information Service and to search it and other Australian Public Affairs - Food and agriculture Government, Agricultural Law and Regulations Thesaurus
Australian Soil and Land Survey Field Handbook The Australian Soil and Land Survey Field Handbook specifies methods and terminology for soil and land surveys. It has been widely used throughout Australia, providing one reference set of definitions for the characterisation of landform, vegetation, land surface, soil and substrate. The book advocates that a comprehensive suite of land and soil attributes be recorded in a uniform manner. This approach is more useful than the allocation of land or soil to preconceived types or classes. The third edition includes revised chapters on location and vegetation as well as some new landform elements. These updates have been guided by the National Committee on Soil and Terrain, a steering committee comprising representatives from key federal, state and territory land resource assessment agencies. CSIRO Australia Food and agriculture Natural Resources, Earth and Environment Dictionary
Australian Soil Classification ASC The Australian Soil Classification provides a framework for organising knowledge about Australian soils by allocating soils to classes via a key. Since its publication in 1996, this book has been widely adopted and formally endorsed as the official national system. It has provided a means of communication among scientists and land managers and has proven to be of particular value in land resource survey and research programs, environmental studies and education. Classification is a basic requirement of all science and needs to be periodically revised as knowledge increases. This Second Edition of The Australian Soil Classification includes updates from a working group of the National Committee on Soil and Terrain (NCST), especially in regards to new knowledge about acid sulfate soils (sulfidic materials). Modifications include expanding the classification to incorporate different kinds of sulfidic materials, the introduction of subaqueous soils as well as new Vertosol subgroups, new Hydrosol family criteria and the consistent use of the term reticulate. All soil orders except for Ferrosols and Sodosols are affected by the changes. CSIRO Australia Food and agriculture Natural Resources, Earth and Environment Classification scheme
Aviation Routine Weather Report (METAR) METAR is a format for reporting weather information. A METAR weather report is predominantly used by pilots in fulfillment of a part of a pre-flight weather briefing, and by meteorologists, who use aggregated METAR information to assist in weather forecasting. Raw METAR is the most common format in the world for the transmission of observational weather data. It is highly standardized through the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), which allows it to be understood throughout most of the world. The United States Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) lays down the definition in its publication the Aeronautical Information Manual as aviation routine weather report while the international authority for the code form, the WMO, holds the definition to be aerodrome routine meteorological report. The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (part of the United States Department of Commerce) and the United Kingdom's Met Office both employ the definition used by the FAA. METAR is also known as Meteorological Terminal Aviation Routine Weather Report or Meteorological Aerodrome Report. International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) Generic / peripheral Meteorology and Climatology; [Peripheral / neighbouring domains] Binary / text data format, Messaging standard
BabelNet 2.5 BabelNet is both a multilingual encyclopedic dictionary, with lexicographic and encyclopedic coverage of terms, and a semantic network which connects concepts and named entities in a very large network of semantic relations, made up of more than 9 million entries, called Babel synsets. Each Babel synset represents a given meaning and contains all the synonyms which express that meaning in a range of different languages. - Generic / peripheral - Dictionary
Banana Anatomy Ontology of the Banana Anatomy Bioversity International Food and agriculture Plant Science and Plant Products Ontology
Banana Ontology CGIAR banana ontology beta version. CGIAR Food and agriculture Plant Science and Plant Products Ontology
Basic Formal Ontology BFO grows out of a philosophical orientation which overlaps with that of DOLCE and SUMO. Unlike these, however, it is narrowly focused on the task of providing a genuine upper ontology which can be used in support of domain ontologies developed for scientific research, as for example in biomedicine within the framework of the OBO Foundry. Thus BFO does not contain physical, chemical, biological or other terms which would properly fall within the special sciences domains. BFO is the upper level ontology upon which OBO Foundry ontologies are built. - Food and agriculture - Ontology
BBC Food Ontology The Food Ontology is a simple lightweight ontology for publishing data about recipes, including the foods they are made from and the foods they create as well as the diets, menus, seasons, courses and occasions they may be suitable for. Whilst it originates in a specific BBC use case, the Food Ontology should be applicable to a wide range of recipe data publishing across the web. The Food Ontology sits alongside existing work such as Google's Rich Snippets for Recipes. While Google, and schema.org, provide a way to represent literal strings in a structured way the Food Ontology provides a richly linked model that more completely describes the recipe and its context. Food Ontology, Google Rich Snippets and Schema.org microdata for recipes are all able to co-exist peacefully within the same site. BBC Food and agriculture Food and Human Nutrition Ontology
BCH Controlled vocabulary and Thesaurus The BCH Thesaurus provides a pre-defined list of terms, related synonyms and translations used in the specific context of records registered with the Biosafety Clearing-House. It establishes the relationships between these terms to facilitate retrieval of records. The BCH Controlled Vocabulary uses the ‘preferred’ terms from the BCH Thesaurus to classify records in the BCH, which allows users to consistently register and search for information in the databases in multiple languages.More info Organization (owner / creator):  United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) Acronym:  BCH URL for more info:  http://bch.cbd.int/resources/thesaurus/ Tools This section provides the list of tools that support its use. The following sources provide the primary source material for most of the terms included in the BCH Thesaurus. AGROVOC Multilingual Agricultural Thesaurus Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety Conference of the Parties serving as the Meeting of the Parties (COP-MOP) ENVOC Multilingual Thesaurus of Agricultural Terms CABI Codes   United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) Food and agriculture Breeding and Genetic Improvement; Organisms; [Peripheral / neighbouring domains] Thesaurus
Bibliographic Framework Initiative Initiated by the Library of Congress, BIBFRAME provides a foundation for the future of bibliographic description, both on the web, and in the broader networked world. This site presents general information about the project, including presentations, FAQs, and links to working documents. In addition to being a replacement for MARC, BIBFRAME serves as a general model for expressing and connecting bibliographic data. A major focus of the initiative will be to determine a transition path for the MARC 21 formats while preserving a robust data exchange that has supported resource sharing and cataloging cost savings in recent decades Library of Congress Generic / peripheral - Model, Schema / element set
BioAssay Ontology The BioAssay Ontology (BAO) describes chemical biology screening assays and their results including high-throughput screening (HTS) data for the purpose of categorizing assays and data analysis. BAO is an extensible, knowledge-based, highly expressive (currently SHOIQ(D)) description of biological assays making use of descriptive logic based features of the Web Ontology Language (OWL). BAO currently has over 1000 classes and also makes use of several other ontologies. It describes several concepts related to biological screening, including Perturbagen, Format, Meta Target, Design, Detection Technology, and Endpoint.More info Organization (owner / creator):  National Centers for Biomedical Computing Languages available:  English URL for more info:  http://bioportal.bioontology.org/ontologies/BAO?p=summary Contact email:  sschurer@med.miami.edu Tools This section provides the list of tools that support its use. National Centers for Biomedical Computing Food and agriculture Plant Science and Plant Products Ontology
Biocomplexity Thesaurus Development of the Biocomplexity Thesaurus began in 2002-2003 through a partnership between the former USGS NBII Program and ProQuest (formerly CSA), a worldwide information company with more than 30 years experience as a leading bibliographic database provider. The original Biocomplexity Thesaurus, first made available online in 2003, was a merger of five individual thesauri: the CSA Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Thesaurus the CSA Life Sciences Thesaurus the CSA Pollution Thesaurus the CSA Sociological Thesaurus the CERES/NBII Thesaurus In 2004, the CSA Ecotourism Thesaurus was also merged into the Biocomplexity Thesaurus. Merging and reconciliation of the terms in these thesauri was performed by Jessica Milstead, a leading expert in the development of scientific thesauri. In 2007, USGS assumed editorial management of the Biocomplexity Thesaurus, and now leads expansion of the thesaurus, addition or modification of terms, and development of tools and services to enable the use of the Thesaurus in both CSAS and external applications. In 2008, USGS significantly expanded the Biocomplexity Thesaurus to include terminology that supports the fire ecology and management communities. More than 2,000 new concepts were added to the Thesaurus. This expansion was made possible by the very generous contributions of the following terminologies by their managing organizations: E.V. Komarek Fire Ecology Thesaurus, Tall Timbers Research Station Fire Effects Information System (FEIS) Glossary Northwest and Alaska Fire Effects Clearinghouse Glossary National Wildfire Coordinating Group Glossary of Wildland Fire Terminology Encyclopedia of Southern Fire Science Wildland Fire Lessons Learned Center Topics The USGS Core Science Analytics & Synthesis (CSAS) Program is committed to maintaining and expanding the Biocomplexity Thesaurus to support science informatics initiatives within USGS, and externally. ----- The CSA/NBII Biocomplexity Thesaurus Web Service allows users to query the Thesaurus for matching and relating terms using a variety of search operators. The Biocomplexity Thesaurus is a merger of the CERES/NBII Thesaurus and the CSA Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries, Life Sciences, Pollution, Sociological, and Ecotourism thesauri.In 2004, the CSA Ecotourism Thesaurus was also merged into the Biocomplexity Thesaurus. Merging and reconciliation of the terms in these thesauri was performed by Jessica Milstead, a leading expert in the development of scientific thesauri. In 2007, USGS assumed editorial management of the Biocomplexity Thesaurus, and now leads expansion of the thesaurus, addition or modification of terms, and development of tools and services to enable the use of the Thesaurus in both CSAS and external applications. In 2008, USGS significantly expanded the Biocomplexity Thesaurus to include terminology that supports the fire ecology and management communities. More than 2,000 new concepts were added to the Thesaurus.  U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey, USGS Core Science Analytics & Synthesis (CSAS) Program Food and agriculture - Thesaurus
Bioethics Thesaurus The foundation of the database is the original Bioethics Thesaurus, which was developed at the Kennedy Institute of Ethics and was used to index BIOETHICSLINE from 1975-2000. The first published edition of the Bioethics Thesaurus appeared in the 1975 edition of Bibliography of Bioethics, containing 475 Keyword Descriptors. In 1999 a print edition of the Bioethics Thesaurus was published that contained 715 Keyword Descriptors. It has been updated extensively, particularly to include new genetics terms for the GenETHX database, and new Islamic ethics terms for the Islamic Medical and Scientific Ethics database and is now contains more than 745 keywords. Bioethics Research Library Kennedy Institute of Ethics Food and agriculture Health and Pathology Thesaurus
Biorefinery This vocabulary describes characterictics of biomass relevant for bio-refinery and unitary operations to transform a biomass in glucose. Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique (INRA) Food and agriculture Agricultural Research, Technology and Engineering Ontology
BioTop Ontology A top-domain ontology that provides definitions for the foundational entities of biomedicine as a basic vocabulary to unambiguously describe facts in this domain. - Food and agriculture - Ontology
BUFR - Binary Universal Form for the Representation of meteorological data The World Meteorological Organization (WMO) code form FM 94 BUFR (Binary Universal Form for the Representation of meteorological data) is a binary code designed to represent, employing a continuous binary stream, any meteorological data. There is, however, nothing uniquely meteorological about BUFR. The meteorological emphasis is the result of the origin of the code. The code form may be applied to any numerical or qualitative data type. The key to understanding the power of BUFR is the code's self-descriptive nature. A BUFR "message" (or record, the terms are interchangeable in this context) containing observational data of any sort also contains a complete description of what those data are: the description includes identifying the parameter in question, (height, temperature, pressure, latitude, date and time, whatever), the units, any decimal scaling that may have been employed to change the precision from that of the original units, data compression that may have been applied for efficiency, and the number of binary bits used to contain the numeric value of the observation. This data description is all contained in tables which are the major part of the BUFR documentation. Now all GRIB, BUFR and CREX codes are available as RDF from the WMO Registry: http://codes.wmo.int/. World Meteorological Organization Generic / peripheral [Peripheral / neighbouring domains]; Meteorology and Climatology Binary / text data format, Code list, Messaging standard
CABI codes CABICODES enable searchers to locate general subject categories which are not easy to retrieve using descriptors alone and help them to exclude irrelevant information from their searches. CABICODES have been derived from the classification schemes used in the AGRICOLA and AGRIS databases, with changes made to allow for differences in subject scope and emphasis. - Food and agriculture - Classification scheme
CABI thesaurus The CAB Thesaurus is the essential search tool for all users of the CAB ABSTRACTS™ and Global Health databases and related products. The CAB Thesaurus is not only an invaluable aid for database users but it has many potential uses by individuals and organizations indexing their own information resources for both internal use and on the Internet.Broad coverage of pure and applied life sciences, technology and social sciences. Approximately 136,900 terms, including 98,500 preferred terms and 38,400 non-preferred terms. The CAB Thesaurus is the essential search tool for all users of the CAB ABSTRACTS™ and Global Health databases and related products. The CAB Thesaurus is not only an invaluable aid for database users but it has many potential uses by individuals and organizations indexing their own information resources for both internal use and on the Internet. Centre for Agricultural Bioscience Thesaurus Food and agriculture - Thesaurus
Cadastre and Land Administration Thesaurus The Cadastre and Land Administration Thesaurus, shortly CaLAThe provides a Knowledge Organization System for the domain of cadastre and land administration. The first version of CaLAThe (Sept. 2011) was comprising of about 110 English terms addressing static aspect of the domain, including mappings to the GEMET thesaurus, the AGROVOC thesaurus, and the STW Thesaurus for Economics. The second version (Oct. 2012) was supplemented with 35 terms addressing the dynamic or process aspect of the domain. Department of Surveying Engineering Food and agriculture Natural Resources, Earth and Environment Thesaurus
Cambodian League for the Promotion and Defense of Human Rights LICADHO, the Cambodian League for the Promotion and Defense of Human Rights, has a set list of topics under which they categorize their content. Besides that, they have a set list of tags to classify their resources. These tags seem to include topical keywords, as well as resource types and places. This list is not available for download or used by other organizations. Cambodian League for the Promotion and Defense of Human Rights Generic / peripheral Government, Agricultural Law and Regulations List
CEDA BADC-CSV format CEDA has used NASA-Ames formatted data for many years. NASA-Ames was devised primarily as a format for aircraft observations, but can be adapted for many atmospheric observation data. However, NASA-Ames is complex and confusing for users. Users tend to strip the header off and import the text file into Excel. Model data stored at CEDA often uses the NetCDF format with CF conventions. This provides a format framework with good flexible metadata. The format can be read by a number of analysis programs including FORTRAN, Python, Matlab and IDL. It is however difficult for a researcher with little technical knowledge to use. To solve these problems a new file format was developed to bring the advantages from the NetCDF file format into a simple text file. The approach was to use metadata conventions on top of comma separated values files (CSV) as produced by applications like Excel. BADC-CSV has been designed specifically with simple, common data structures in mind often referred to as 1-D data, such as: a collection of surface meteorological data from one or more stations over a period of time; a time series of data from one instrument. For more complex data structures - e.g. variation in both time and height or model output - users should seek to use formats such as NetCDF which allow storage and access to such data much more readily than a csv file. Center for Environmental Data Analysis (CEDA) Generic / peripheral Meteorology and Climatology; [Peripheral / neighbouring domains] Binary / text data format
Celebrate Application Profile Celebrate provides a mapping from the ELR application profile, which is Dublin Core based, to the CELEBRATE Metadata Application Profile. - Generic / peripheral - Application profile
Cell Ontology The Cell Ontology is designed as a structured controlled vocabulary for cell types. This ontology was constructed for use by the model organism and other bioinformatics databases, where there is a need for a controlled vocabulary of cell types. This ontology is not organism specific it covers cell types from prokaryotes to mammals. However, it excludes plant cell types, which are covered by PO. See the website http://cellontology.org for more details. OBO Technical WG Food and agriculture Animal Science and Animal Products Ontology
CERL Thesaurus The CERL Thesaurus File is a unique facility developed to address the particularly European issue that place name and personal names in Europe varied from country to country in the period of hand press printing (1450 - c. 1830). As such, it is an essential research tool for scholars and researchers of the period. The CERL Thesaurus file contains forms of imprint places, imprint names, personal names and corporate names as found in material printed before the middle of the nineteenth century - including variant spellings, forms in Latin and other languages, and fictitious names. Authority files contributed by CERL member libraries and other libraries/projects concentrating on the history of the book are brought together and made searchable in one single system . The CERL Thesaurus merges standard and authority forms of names that are used in present day library catalogues without imposing CERL’s own authoritative form of name. Instead, standard and variant forms are listed alphabetically with a clear indication of the institutions that use a particular standard form. Consortium of European Research Libraries Generic / peripheral Language domain Thesaurus
Chickpea Ontology CGIAR Chickpea Ontology beta version CGIAR Food and agriculture Plant Science and Plant Products Ontology
Chinese Agricultural Thesaurus Chinese Agricultural Thesaurus (CAT) is the largest agricultural domain thesaurus in China, which is held and maintained by AII of CAAS. CAT was the important fruits of more than 100 professionals’ six years hard work. The international and national standards were adopted while designing and constructing CAT. CAT covers areas including agriculture, forestry, biology, etc. It is organized in 40 main categories and contains more than 63 thousands concepts and most of them have English translation. In addition, CAT includes more than 130 thousands semantic relationships such as Use, UF, BT, NT and RT.CAT is now available as a Linked Data set published.The Linked Data version of CAT is in RDF/SKOS-XL, and is stored in Virtuoso triple store. Data is accessible to machines through a SPARQL endopoint, and to humans by means of a HTML pages generated with Virtuoso. From 2005, AII cooperated with FAO, started the CAT to AGROVOC mapping work, conforming to the Simple Knowledge Organization System (SKOS) mapping rules (skos: exactMatch, broadMatch and narrowMatch were mainly considered and applied). In addition, CAT has also been mapped to EUROVOC, NALT, LCSH automatically just based on the label string exact match. These mapping results could lay fundamental bases for higher level interoperability (e.g. cross-lingual information retrieval and knowledge discovery applications). Agriculture Information Institute of CAAS Food and agriculture - Terminology
CIESIN Indexing Terms - NASA - Natural Resources, Earth and Environment Thesaurus
Classification of Pesticides by Hazard This document sets out a classification system to distinguish between the more and the less hazardous forms of selected pesticides based on acute risk to human health (that is the risk of single or multiple exposures over a relatively short period of time). It takes into consideration the toxicity of the technical active substance and also describes methods for the classification of formulations. The document lists common technical grade pesticides and recommended classifications together with a listing of active ingredients believed to be obsolete or discontinued for use as pesticides, pesticides subject to the prior informed consent procedure (Rotterdam Convention), limitations to trade because of the Stockholm convention (POPs), and gaseous or volatile fumigants not classified under these recommendations. World Health Organization Food and agriculture Plant Science and Plant Products Classification scheme
CLIMAT CLIMAT is a code for reporting monthly climatological data assembled at land-based meteorological surface observation sites to data centres. CLIMAT-coded messages contain information on several meteorological variables that are important to monitor characteristics, changes, and variability of climate. Usually these messages are sent and exchanged via the Global Telecommunication System (GTS) of the World Meteorological Organisation (WMO). Modifications of the CLIMAT code are the CLIMAT SHIP and CLIMAT TEMP / CLIMAT TEMP SHIP codes which serve to report monthly climatological data assembled at ocean-based meteorological surface observation sites and at land-/ocean-based meteorological upper-air observation sites, respectively. The monthly values included usually are obtained by averaging observational values of one or several daily observations over the respective month. World Meteorological Organization Generic / peripheral [Peripheral / neighbouring domains]; Meteorology and Climatology Binary / text data format, Messaging standard
Climate Science Modelling Language (CSML) Climate Science Modelling Language v3.0 is a data model for encoding climate, atmospheric and oceanographic data in terms of geometry-based observation classes such as Points, Profiles, Trajectories and Grids. It is a specialist profile of ISO 19156 Observations and Measurements and there is an accompanying implementation as a GML 3.2.1 Application Schema. CSML 3.0 follows a model driven approach. The primary model is in UML, which is then encoded as XML Schema using the HollowWorld/FullMoon framework. The CSML pattern is being used in the version 2.0 drafts of the INSPIRE Data Specifications for Atmospheric Conditions/Meteorological Features and Oceanographic Geographical Features. Earlier versions of CSML were developed as part of the NERC DataGrid (NDG) projects funded by the Natural Environment Reseach Council. CSML development is currently supported by the British Atmospheric Data Centre on a best efforts basis.   British Atmospheric Data Centre Generic / peripheral [Peripheral / neighbouring domains]; Meteorology and Climatology Model, Schema / element set
CLIPC Glossary CLIPC (Constructing Europe's Climate Information Portal) is an EC FP7 project giving access to data from satellite and in-situ observations, climate models and re-analyses, as well as transformed data products to enable impacts assessments and composing of climate change impact indicators. CLIPC uses several glossaries for explaining terminology in use in the website and applications. IPCC: The IPCC Data Distribution Centre (DDC; IPCC-DDC) has a glossary of terms complied from the Fifth Assessment Report (AR5) Working Groups 1, 2 and 3 and a list of commonly used acronymns.  All glossary terms used in this portal can be found on the IPCC-DDC glossary. EUPORIAS: List of definitions as created by experts and in use in the EUPORIAS project. Climate4Impact: List of definitions as created by experts and in use in the IS-ENESIS-ENES project. CLIPC Consortium Generic / peripheral [Peripheral / neighbouring domains]; Meteorology and Climatology Glossary, Terminology
Codes for the Representation of Names of Languages Alpha-3 codes arranged alphabetically by the English name of language. - Generic / peripheral Language domain Name authority list
Codex Classification of Foods and Animal Feeds The Codex Classification of food and animal feed commodities moving in trade and the descriptions of the various items and groups of food and animal feedstuffs have been developed within the framework of the Codex Committee on Pesticide Residues. It was first adopted by the 18th Session of the Codex Alimentarius Commission in 1989. The Codex Classification includes food commodities and animal feedstuffs for which Codex maximum residue limits will not necessarily be established. The Classification is intended to be as complete a listing of food commodities in trade as possible, classified into groups on the basis of the commodity’s similar potential for pesticide residues.  Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), World Health Organization, Codex Alimentarius Commission Food and agriculture Food and Human Nutrition Classification scheme
Codex General Standard for Food Additives (GSFA) Food Additive Index The "Codex General Standard for Food Additives" (GSFA, Codex STAN 192-1995) sets forth the conditions under which permitted food additives may be used in all foods, whether or not they have previously been standardized by Codex.  The GSFA Food Additive Index is an index of individual food additives or food additive groups (indicated in UPPERCASE). It serves as an index to find the related details on acceptable uses of the food additive in the GSFA atabase. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), World Health Organization, Codex Alimentarius Commission Food and agriculture Food and Human Nutrition Classification scheme
Codex General Standard for Food Additives (GSFA) food category system The "Codex General Standard for Food Additives" (GSFA, Codex STAN 192-1995) sets forth the conditions under which permitted food additives may be used in all foods, whether or not they have previously been standardized by Codex.  The Codex GSFA's food category system is hierarchical and applies to all foodstuffs, including those in which no food additives are permitted. The system includes a description of the foods covered by each food category, as well as relevant food additive provisions. The food categories are not intended for labeling purposes. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), World Health Organization, Codex Alimentarius Commission Food and agriculture Food and Human Nutrition Classification scheme
Common Alerting Protocol (CAP) The Common Alerting Protocol (CAP) is a simple but general format for exchanging all-hazard emergency alerts and public warnings over all kinds of networks.  CAP allows a consistent warning message to be disseminated simultaneously over many different warning systems, thus increasing warning effectiveness while simplifying the warning task.  CAP also facilitates the detection of emerging patterns in local warnings of various kinds, such as might indicate an undetected hazard or hostile act.  And CAP provides a template for effective warning messages based on best practices identified in academic research and real-world experience. The ASN.1 (see ITU-T Rec X.680) schema in 3.5.3 provides an alternative formulation of the XML schema defined in 3.4.  If the ASN.1 Extended XML Encoding Rules (see ITU-T Rec X.693) are applied to this ASN.1 schema, the permitted XML is identical to that supported by  the XML schema in 3.4.   If the ASN.1 Unaligned Packed Encoding Rules (see ITU-T Rec X.691) are applied to it, the resulting binary encodings are more compact than the corresponding XML encodings. Organization for the Advancement of Structured Information Standards (OASIS), OASIS Emergency Management TC Generic / peripheral Meteorology and Climatology; [Peripheral / neighbouring domains] Messaging standard, Schema / element set
Common European Research Information Format CERIF has developed since the late eighties as a recommendation to member states of the European Union. The current version is CERIF2002. It is intended for use in Current Research Information Systems. The European Commission has transferred the custodianship of CERIF to euroCRIS. euroCRIS has as its main goal to act as a single forum for all interested individuals and organizations concerning all matters related to the use of information technology in the conduct of research information systems. - Generic / peripheral Agricultural Research, Technology and Engineering Schema / element set
Comparative Data Analysis Ontology A formalization of concepts and relations relevant to evolutionary comparative analysis, such as phylogenetic trees, OTUs (operational taxonomic units) and compared characters (including molecular characters as well as other types). CDAO is being developed by scientists in biology, evolution, and computer science CDAO team Food and agriculture - Ontology
Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata The objectives of the standard are to provide a common set of terminology and definitions for the documentation of digital geospatial data. The standard establishes the names of data elements and compound elements (groups of data elements) to be used for these purposes, the definitions of these compound elements and data elements, and information about the values that are to be provided for the data elements. - Generic / peripheral Geospatial and geopolitical domain Schema / element set
Convention of Biological Diversity Controlled Vocabulary "It facilitates searching and retrieving information by linking similar documents and on-line resources with unique terms. It standardizes descriptions, and so assists in efforts to make information interoperable. Because most terms are taken from official Convention documents, UNEP's ENVOC, and FAO’s AGROVOC, the translation of these terms is facilitated. The CBD Controlled Vocabulary was developed in 2003 with the intent to establish a list of terms to be used as descriptors (i.e. metadata) for CBD documents and web pages." Convention of Biological Diversity Food and agriculture Breeding and Genetic Improvement; Natural Resources, Earth and Environment; Plant Science and Plant Products Thesaurus
Core Computational Index ontology (Computex) Vocabulary for describing index structures and observations. World Wide Web Foundation Generic / peripheral Information Management; [Peripheral / neighbouring domains] Ontology
Core descriptors for in situ conservation of crop wild relatives V.1. The core descriptors for in situ conservation of Crop Wild Relatives are designed to facilitate the compilation and exchange of data, which are needed to develop and implement in situ conservation activities. They are compatible with Bioversity’s crop descriptor lists, the ‘FAO/Bioversity List of Multi-Crop Passport Descriptors V.2’ and IUCN red listing categories and criteria. Bioversity International Food and agriculture Plant Science and Plant Products Schema / element set
Core Public Service Vocabulary The Core Public Service Vocabulary is a simplified, reusable and extensible data model that captures the fundamental characteristics of a service offered by public administration. European Commission Generic / peripheral Government, Agricultural Law and Regulations Application profile
Country and Location Describes official ISO 3166-1 alpha-2, alpha-3 and numeric country codes along with location names. CGIAR Generic / peripheral Geospatial and geopolitical domain Ontology
CRA Soil Terms Knowledge Organization System containing all terms used as controlled values in the soil database of the Italian Consiglio per la Ricerca e la Sperimentazione in Agricoltura - Research Centre for Agrobiology and Pedology (CRA-ABP), mapped to standard concepts in:the USDA Soil Taxonomy (Soil Survey Staff, 2014), also part of the US National Agricultural library thesaurus (NALT);the INSPIRE "Registry" (European Commission Joint Research Centre, 2013), a public reference directory of all the published "registers" (in INSPIRE terminology) assigning published identifiers to specific controlled values;the Multilingual Soil Thesaurus (SoilThes), an extension of the General Multilingual Environmental Thesaurus (GEMET) developed in the eContentplus project GS SOIL. Consiglio per la Ricerca e la Sperimentazione in Agricoltura (CRA), Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), agINFRA Consortium Food and agriculture Natural Resources, Earth and Environment; Physical and Chemical Sciences Thesaurus
CREX - Character form for the Representation and EXchange of data - World Meteorological Organization Generic / peripheral [Peripheral / neighbouring domains]; Meteorology and Climatology Binary / text data format, Code list, Messaging standard
Crop Ontology The Crop Ontology project is the creation of the Generation Challenge Programme (GCP), which understood from its inception the importance of controlled vocabularies and ontologies for the digital annotation of data.The Crop Ontology (CO) current objective is to compile validated concepts along with their inter-relationships on anatomy, structure and phenotype of Crops, on trait measurement and methods as well as on Germplasm with the multi-crop passport terms. The Crop Ontology projects includes the network of crop-specific and related ontologies as well as the tool to maintain, browse and download them. Most of the ontologies curated within the Crop Ontology are decumented individually in the VEST database. Generation Challenge Programme, Integrated Breeding Platform Food and agriculture Plant Science and Plant Products Ontology
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