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Vocabularies
Name Description Publisher Scope Domain(s) Type
A classification of the bird species of South America A classification of the bird species of South America's mission is to create a standard classification, with English names, for the bird species of South America. - Food and agriculture - Classification scheme
Access to Biological Collection Data Schema The Access to Biological Collections Data (ABCD) Schema is an evolving comprehensive standard for the access to and exchange of data about specimens and observations (a.k.a. primary biodiversity data).The ABCD Schema attempts to be comprehensive and highly structured, supporting data from a wide variety of databases. It is compatible with several existing data standards. Parallel structures exist so that either (or both) atomised data and free-text can be accommodated. Version 1.2 is currently in use with the GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility) and BioCASE (Biological Collection Access Service for Europe) networks.Apart from the GBIF and BioCASE networks, the potential for the application of ABCD extends to internal networks, or in-house legacy data access (e.g. datasets from external sources that shall not be converted and integrated into an institution' s own data, but be kept separately, though easily accessible). By defining relations between terms, ABCD is a step towards an ontology for biological collections. - Food and agriculture Plant Science and Plant Products; Agricultural Research, Technology and Engineering Schema / element set
Access to Biological Collection Databases Extended for Geosciences ABCDEFG (Access to Biological Collection Databases Extended for Geosciences) is an XML-Schema (Extensible Markup Language) developed for use with palaeontological, mineralogical and geological digitalized collection data. It extends the ABCD-XML-Schema (Access to Biological Collection Databases) used by GBIF (Glocal Biodiversity Iformation Facility). The ABCDEFG-XML-Schema is used to apply a mapping to the local data source and it is supported by the BioCASe Provider Software. This Software is easy to install and provides a very handy user interface for databse description and mapping. The BioCASe Provider Software mediates between the local data source and the GeoCASe Portal by sending and receiving XML documents. ABCDEFG is proposed to the organisation of biodiversity information standards TDWG (Taxonomic Databases Working Group) as a data standard for geoscientific collections. GeoCASe will be adopted by GBIF as soon as possible. The schema provides a general format for data exchange and retrieval for geoscientific collections. It does not replace an individual database management software. GeoCase Network Food and agriculture Physical and Chemical Sciences Schema / element set
ACMO (AgMIP Crop Model Output) Data definitions The variables defined as the standard ACMO variables. Data translation tools will be developed for each participating AgMIP crop model which take standard crop model output data and generate a csv (comma delimited) file containing these data. Most of these data consist of metadata, which describe the management and climate scenarios, and the base data upon which the scenarios are applied.  These metadata will be supplied to each crop model as data are translated from ACE harmonized format into model-ready format by the data translation tools. These metadata will be supplied in the form of a comma-delimited ACMO_meta.dat file.  Agricultural Model Intercomparison and Improvement Project (AgMIP) Generic / peripheral Plant Science and Plant Products Data dictionary
ACORD ACORD International uses a set of 180 tags to classify their content on their website. There is no particular hierarchy between the terms, and they include geographical areas, resources types, organizations as well as topical keywords in one and the same list of classifications. ACORD Food and agriculture Farms and Farming Systems; Fisheries and Aquaculture; Government, Agricultural Law and Regulations; Natural Resources, Earth and Environment; Food and Human Nutrition List
Actuar Actuar has 9 categories according to which they categorize their resources. These categories are resource types as well as topical categories. The categories are not available for download or used anywhere else. Actuar Food and agriculture Government, Agricultural Law and Regulations List
Ag-Events Application Profile This Application Profile defines the metadata elements for exchanging information about events within the Agricultural Community. There is no DTD for this AP, as it is based on the RSS specification and extends it with event-specific elements and agriculture-specific schemes from the AgMES namespace. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) Generic / peripheral - Application profile
Ag-Job Application Profile This Application Profile defines the metadata elements for exchanging information about job vacancies within the Agricultural Community. There is no DTD for this AP, as it is based on the RSS specification and extends it with event-specific elements and agriculture-specific schemes from the AgMES namespace Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) Generic / peripheral - Application profile
Ag-LR Application Profile The Agricultural Learning Resources Application Profile (Ag-LR AP) defines the metadata elements recommended for the description of learning resources. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) Generic / peripheral - Application profile
Ag-Org Application Profile The goal of this Application Profile is to define a standard exchange format for “basic” metadata about an organization. Metadata about an organization are a means to help identify regional, national and international organizations specializing in different agriculture-related domains. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) Generic / peripheral - Application profile
AgEcon AgEcon is a repository for agriculture-related resources, using 81 "top-tier" subjects to enable the user to browse the website. To classify the content further, they have a "free tagging system" for users to tag the content they add. Therefore there is no structural approach to classifying that part of the resources, nor is that lists accessible for others, as the list has accumulated "1000s" of keywords over the years. AgEcon Food and agriculture Agricultural Research, Technology and Engineering; Farms and Farming Systems; Fisheries and Aquaculture; Forest Science and Forest Products; Government, Agricultural Law and Regulations; Food and Human Nutrition List
AgGateway Open Standards The XML standards that CIDX developed for the global chemical industry, which is currently owned and maintained by OAGi. (CIDX merged into OAGi in 2009.). They're also called ... AgGateway Open Standards is the brand name AgGateway has used to refer to OAGi's Chem eStandards since early Summer 2014. Chem eStandards leverage the transport, envelope, and security aspects of RosettaNet implementation Framework (RNIF, http://www.rosettanet.org). Founded in 1998 in the heart of Silicon Valley, RosettaNet develops universal standards for the global supply chain. As an open, non-profit consortium of industry leaders, user driven standards development process emphasizes bottom-line, measurable results. AgGateway Consortium, OAGI - Open Applications Group, CIDX - Chemical Industry Data Exchange organization Food and agriculture Farms and Farming Systems; [Peripheral / neighbouring domains]; Physical and Chemical Sciences Data dictionary, Schema / element set
AgGateway's SPADE ISO 11783-10 ISOXML Extensions Draft The purpose of this standard is to describe an electronic messaging system used in agriculture to assist in the planning and execution of farming operations between producers, suppliers, and service providers. The scope of this project is limited to the data requirements related to the field operation of planting. While the recommended changes are intended to be generic and usable by any field operation, it is acknowledged that data requirements for non-planting operations may be missing. The standard proposes an extension of the ISO 11783-10 ISOXML tags. The standard is part of the SPADE project:. The SPADE Project involves the trading/sharing of agricultural data between farmers and the companies with the goal of promoting efficient operations. This data sharing requires the use of a common language among companies and equipment manufacturers.     AgGateway Consortium Food and agriculture Farms and Farming Systems Data dictionary, Schema / element set
agINFRA Resource Types A value vocabulary listing all main resource types used in the AGRIS database and other agINFRA data sources for the dc:type property, mapped to URIs from the Dublin Core Types (DCMI Types: http://dublincore.org/documents/dcmi-terms/#H7).  agINFRA Consortium, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) Generic / peripheral - Classification scheme, Name authority list
agINFRA Soil Vocabulary This vocabulary is a first formalization of the INSPIRE data model into an RDFs vocabulary.Developed by the Italian Consiglio per la Ricerca e la Sperimentazione in Agricoltura (CRA) in collaboration with the Global Forum on Agricultural Research (GFAR) and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). Consiglio per la Ricerca e la Sperimentazione in Agricoltura (CRA), agINFRA Consortium, Global Forum on Agricultural Research (GFAR) Food and agriculture Natural Resources, Earth and Environment; Physical and Chemical Sciences Schema / element set
agINFRA Web Services vocabulary An RDF vocabulary for representing web services and web-based APIs, from RESTful APIs (including RSS feeds, OAI-PMH endpoints, SPARQL endpoints etc.) to SOAP web services to XML/RPC web services etc.The agINFRA Consortium doesn’t feel as the best positioned actor to create an authoritative vocabulary for this, but while waiting until a better positioned organization does it in a better way, we acted as a subsidiary authority and created one for our needs. agINFRA Consortium, Global Forum on Agricultural Research, CIARD Generic / peripheral - Schema / element set
AgMIP ICASA Master Variable List The International Consortium for Agricultural Systems Applications (ICASA) has established a naming convention for agricultural model variables.  AgMIP has adopted these standards for use in the harmonized AgMIP Crop Experiment (ACE) database.  International Consortium for Agricultural Systems Applications (ICASA), Agricultural Model Intercomparison and Improvement Project (AgMIP) Generic / peripheral Agricultural Research, Technology and Engineering; Farms and Farming Systems Data dictionary
AgMIP Json Data Object format Format used by AgMIP models: data are transferred into and out of the ACE and ACMO databases through the API using JSON objects, which consist of key:value pairs. Each key in a key:value pair corresponds to a variable in the ICASA Data Dictionary . The JSON objects can be very unstructured and are ideally suited to our experimental data, which can vary considerably from one experiment to another. However, some structure in the objects is enforced as described in this section.The JSON object has the following sections: Agricultural Model Intercomparison and Improvement Project (AgMIP) Generic / peripheral Agricultural Research, Technology and Engineering; Plant Science and Plant Products Binary / text data format
Agri-Food Experiment Ontology The Agri-Food Experiment Ontology (AFEO), a new ontology network was developed based on two existing ontology resources, i.e., OAE (Ontology for Agriculture Experiment) and OFPE (Ontology for Food Processing Experiment). It contains 136 concepts which cover various viticultural practices, and winemaking products and operations. AFEO was used to guide the data integration of two different data sources, i.e., viticulture experimental data stored in a relational database and winemaking experimental data stored in Microsoft Excel files. Two potential uses by researchers of viticulture-winemaking integrated data using AFEO have been shown. The first one is about wine traceability and the second one is related to the influence of grape varieties, irrigation practices, and different winemaking methods on GSH concentration in wine. Those examples show that data integration guided by an ontology network can provide researchers with the information necessary to address extended research questions by viticulture and winemaking processes. - Food and agriculture Agricultural Research, Technology and Engineering; Food and Human Nutrition Ontology
Agricultural Experiments Ontology AEO is an ontology aimed to represent objects related to agricultural practices. - Food and agriculture Agricultural Research, Technology and Engineering Ontology
Agricultural Metadata Element Set The Agricultural Metadata Element Set (AgMES) is the abbreviation for Agricultural Metadata Element Set. AgMES is the metadata standard developed by the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations for the description and discovery of agricultural information resources Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) Generic / peripheral - Schema / element set
Agriculture Activity Ontology Agriculture Activity Ontology(AAO) is the basis of the core vocabulary of agriculture activity, and it provides semantics for agricultural activity names. Also, AAO is formalized by Description Logics in order to clearly define and classify the agricultural activities.     Sungmin Joo, Hideaki Takeda, Daisuke Horyu, Takezaki Akane Food and agriculture Agricultural Research, Technology and Engineering Ontology
Agriculture and Forestry Ontology The Agriculture and Forestry Ontology AFO (ca. 6 000 concepts) is based on the Agriforest thesaurus maintained by the Viikki Campus Library, University of Helsinki. The combination of AFO and the Finnish General Upper Ontology YSO has been created in the FinnONTO project by the Viikki Science Library in cooperation with the Semantic Computing Research Group. The ontology was created by aligning the Agriculture and Forestry Ontology AFO with the Finnish General Upper Ontology YSO using the top ontology and other modelling principles of YSO. This way the equivalent and differing concepts and their links to more general concepts could be explicitly described. This combination of ontologies can be used for describing resources especially in domain of agriculture, forestry, veterinary medicine, food science, environmental science and biology. National Library of Finland Food and agriculture Forest Science and Forest Products Ontology
Agriforest Thesaurus A tool for selecting terms for information retrieval from eViikki database. Subjects covered are agriculture, forestry, food, nutrition, household sciences, consumer research, rural development, environmental science. It contains Finnish and English index terms, scientific names of plants, plant diseases, and pests.  Helsingin yliopiston kirjasto Food and agriculture Forest Science and Forest Products Thesaurus
AGRIS Application Profile The AGRIS Application Profile is a standard created specifically to enhance the description, exchange and subsequent retrieval of agricultural Document-Like Information Objects (DLIOs). It is a format that allows sharing of information across dispersed bibliographic systems and is based on well-known and accepted metadata standards Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) Generic / peripheral - Application profile
AGRIS List of Country and Centre Codes A list of codes referring to the countries / regional centres/ institutions that submitted the reference. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) Generic / peripheral Geospatial and geopolitical domain Classification scheme, Name authority list
AGRIS Subject Categories AGRIS Subject Categories identifies AGRIS subjects and assigns a code to each category. The purpose of ASC is to specify the source of subject category codes contained in metadata records. - Food and agriculture - Name authority list
AGRIS/CARIS Categorization Scheme The scope of AGRIS and CARIS coincides with the scope of FAO and covers agriculture and its related fields, including fisheries, forestry, food, veterinary science and rural development. The AGRIS/CARIS Categorization Scheme is the basic manual for the categorization of agricultural literature and agricultural research projects to be included respectively in AGRIS and CARIS, and gives a breakdown of the AGRIS/CARIS subject scope into a number of main fields which are further subdivided into specific subject categories. Each subject category is represented by a code. Available in all 6 FAO official languages. Can be consulted by Alphabetical Index and Categorized List. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) Food and agriculture - Classification scheme
Agroecology Knowledge Management Agroecology knowledge management is an application ontology for the description and organization of knowledge to design innovative crop systems. , Gestion des connaissances en agroécologie est une ontologie d’application décrivant et organisant les connaissances permettant de concevoir des systèmes de culture innovants. - Food and agriculture Farms and Farming Systems Ontology
Agroforestree Database The database provides detailed information on 670 agroforestry tree species in order to help field workers and researchers in selecting appropriate species for agroforestry systems and technologies. For each species, the database includes information on identity, ecology and distribution, propagation and management, functional uses, pests and diseases and a bibliography.This project has been funded by the British Department for International Development (DFID), the European Union and the World Agroforestry Centre.s=d.createElement(s);js.id=id;js.src=p+"://platform.twitter.com/widgets.js";fjs.parentNode.insertBefore(js,fjs);}}(document,"script","twitter-wjs"); - Food and agriculture Forest Science and Forest Products Glossary, Taxonomy
AGROVOC Multilingual agricultural thesaurus AGROVOC is a controlled vocabulary covering all areas of interest of the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations, including food, nutrition, agriculture, fisheries, forestry, environment etc. It is published by FAO and edited by a community of experts. AGROVOC consists of over 32,000 concepts available in 23 languages: Arabic, Chinese, Czech, English, French, German, Hindi, Hungarian, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Lao, Malay, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Russian, Slovak, Spanish, Telugu, Thai, Turkish and Ukrainian.You can use AGROVOC to look up the common name of a plant in a language that you do not master, or to find  relations between a commodity and the crop from which it is produced. Your library can use AGROVOC to index its documents, or you can use it from inside your content management system (e.g., Drupal) to organize your documents or web site. You can also use AGROVOC as an hub to access many other vocabularies available on the web. To date, AGROVOC is used by researchers, librarians and information managers for indexing, retrieving and organizing data in agricultural information systems and Web pages. Currently, AGROVOC is an SKOS-XL concept scheme and a Linked Open Data (LOD) set aligned with 16 other multilingual knowledge organization systems related to agriculture.You may download AGROVOC, access its Web Services or SPARQL endpoint.If you are an AGROVOC user, please check if you appear in the page AGROVOC uses. lf you would like to be added there, please let us know!  AGROVOC is edited through VocBench, an open-source, Web-based collaborative editing tool for multilingual thesauri and RDF-SKOS resources. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) Food and agriculture Natural Resources, Earth and Environment; Agricultural Research, Technology and Engineering; Fisheries and Aquaculture; Forest Science and Forest Products; Food and Human Nutrition Thesaurus
AGROXML / AGRORDF agroXML is an XML dialect for representing and describing farm work. It provides elements and XML data types for representing data on work processes on the farm including accompanying operating supplies like fertilizers, pesticides, crops and the like. It can be used within farm management information systems as a file format for documentation purposes but also within web services and interfaces between the farm and external stakeholders as a means to exchange data in a structured, standardized and easy to use way. It covers topics relevant to on farm activity including “crop”, “cropSpecies”, “chemical substance”, “harvestDate”, “enginePower”.   It is defined using W3C's XML Schema and RDF . It’s purpose is for: ● exchange between on-farm systems and external stakeholders ● high level documentation of farming processes ● data integration between different agricultural production branches ● semantic integration between different standards and vocabularies ● a means for standardized provision of data on operating supplies There exists an XML version and an RDF version. Kuratorium für Technik und Bauwesen in der Landwirtschaft e. V. (KTBL) Food and agriculture Farms and Farming Systems Ontology
AGTER AGTER has a list of 10 keywords that they use for their users to browse the website for relevant resources more easily. There is no hierarchy between the terms. The list is not available for download, nor is there any other classification or standard applied to the resources they upload. AGTER Food and agriculture Government, Agricultural Law and Regulations; Natural Resources, Earth and Environment List
Akoma Ntoso “Akoma Ntoso” is an Architecture for Knowledge-Oriented Management of African Normative Texts using Open Standards and Ontologies. It was developed specifically to describe in XML parliamentary, legislative and normative documents and it is currently used in many Parliaments around the world including the European Parliament. - Food and agriculture Government, Agricultural Law and Regulations; Information Management Schema / element set, Application profile
Amigos de la Tierra Amigos de la Tierra has a short list of categories which they use to facilitate browsing for their users. There is no hierarchy between the categories, nor are they used anywhere else or available for download. Amigos de la Tierra Food and agriculture Government, Agricultural Law and Regulations; Natural Resources, Earth and Environment List
AmphibiaWeb AmphibiaWeb is an online system that provides access to information on amphibian declines, conservation, natural history, and taxonomy.s=d.createElement(s);js.id=id;js.src=p+"://platform.twitter.com/widgets.js";fjs.parentNode.insertBefore(js,fjs);}}(document,"script","twitter-wjs"); - Food and agriculture Farms and Farming Systems Taxonomy
AMS Glossary of Meteorology In 1959, the AMS published the Glossary of Meteorology. Containing 7900 terms, more than 10,000 copies have been sold over four decades through five printings. It is a tribute to the editors of that first edition that it has withstood the test of time and continued to be among the leading reference sources in meteorology and related sciences. This is the electronic version of the second edition of the Glossary with more than 12,000 terms. Along with the print version it should be the authoritative source for definitions of meteorological terms for many years to come. American Meteorological Society (AMS) Generic / peripheral [Peripheral / neighbouring domains]; Meteorology and Climatology Glossary, Terminology
AnaEE Thesaurus The AnaEE thesaurus aims to provide a controlled vocabulary for the semantic description of the study of continental ecosystems and their biodiversity. It has been developed within the framework of the AnaEE-France infrastructure through an iterative process combining both top down and bottom up approaches: import of concepts from other thesauri and collection of concepts used in the AnaEE data bases and/or modeling platforms. - Food and agriculture Natural Resources, Earth and Environment; Agricultural Research, Technology and Engineering Ontology
Animal Disease Ontology The Animal Disease Ontology describes the characteristics and interrelations of production animals, diseases and their vectors. Regulatory statuses of diseases that are applicable in France and Europe are included. - Food and agriculture Animal Science and Animal Products Ontology
Animal Diversity Web - Kingdom Animalia Classification Animal Diversity Web (ADW) is an online database of animal natural history, distribution, classification, and conservation biology at the University of Michigan.Animal Diversity Web has  i) Thousands of species accounts about individual animal species, ii)Descriptions of taxa above the species level, especially phyla, classes, orders and families.Animal Diversity Web Is  - An Online Encyclopedia; A Science Learning Tool;A Virtual Museums - Food and agriculture Animal Science and Animal Products Taxonomy
Animal Trait Ontology for Livestock The EOL ontology describes environmental conditions of livestock breeding. It includes feeding modalities, the structure of breeding systems and their environment - Food and agriculture Animal Science and Animal Products Ontology
ANZ-LOM Metadata Application Profile ANZ-LOM is based on IEEE LOM, has 25 mandatory fields, and a number of recommended classification taxonomies which are relevant for the new Australian Curriculum for schools Educational Services Australia Generic / peripheral - Application profile
ANZLIC Metadata Profile The Australia New Zealand Land Information Council (ANZLIC) Metadata Profile (version 1.1) is the recommended e-GIF geospatial metadata standard for use by New Zealand government agencies. The Profile was endorsed by the State Services Commission in July 2010, following a consultation period which showed support for the Profile from the geospatial community. Local government and Crown research institutes are also encouraged to use the Profile and private industry is free to use it as well. The Profile allows for the consistent collection of metadata (or information about data) across New Zealand and Australia. The Profile defines a minimum set of elements that must be collected for spatial datasets and other resources. It also provides the flexibility to capture more information about a dataset or resource in order to meet specific business requirements. The Profile is based on the international standards ISO 19115 2005 and ISO 19139 2007, and replaces the New Zealand Geospatial Metadata Standard (NZGMS) v1.2 (June 2004). The Australia New Zealand Land Information Council (ANZLIC) Generic / peripheral - Application profile
ANZSoilML ANZSoilML is an application schema that specifies a set of feature-types and supporting structures for information used in the Australian and new Zealand soil sciences. It is primarily concerned with observed properties of Soil and and Landscapes. ANZSoilML is arranged into a set of sub-packages that are maintained separately. CSIRO Australia Food and agriculture Natural Resources, Earth and Environment Model
Application Profile for the Americas Digital Archive The application profile for the Americas Digital Archive will provide guidelines for the creation of bibliographic metadata, as well as providing the general purpose and goals of the overall project. University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Generic / peripheral - Application profile
Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Thesaurus An indexing and searching tool. It contains the subject descriptors used to index the records contained in the Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA) bibliographic database. - Food and agriculture Fisheries and Aquaculture Thesaurus
ARABTERM ARABTERM is a multilingual terminology database which provides United Nations nomenclature and special terms in four of the official UN languages - Arabic, English, French and Spanish. The database is mainly intended for use by the language and editorial staff of the United Nations to ensure consistent translation of common terms and phrases used within the Organization.s=d.createElement(s);js.id=id;js.src=p+"://platform.twitter.com/widgets.js";fjs.parentNode.insertBefore(js,fjs);}}(document,"script","twitter-wjs"); - Generic / peripheral - Terminology
Arabterm Technical Dictionary The Technical Dictionary ARABTERM.ORG is a joint publication of the Arab League Educational, Cultural and Scientific Organization (ALECSO) and the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ).It was developed as part of a regional project financed by BMZ that the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) has been carrying out since 2008 in collaboration with the Goethe-Institut. It is an independent project based on the measures for standardising technical Arabic terminology, which are being led by the Arabisation Coordination Bureau (BCA) in Rabat on behalf of ALECSO.s=d.createElement(s);js.id=id;js.src=p+"://platform.twitter.com/widgets.js";fjs.parentNode.insertBefore(js,fjs);}}(document,"script","twitter-wjs"); - Generic / peripheral - Terminology
Asian Farmers Association The Asian Farmers Association, like many local organizations, does not classify its content topically at all, but merely categorizes its resources by resource type and nothing else. Asian Farmers Association Generic / peripheral Farms and Farming Systems; Government, Agricultural Law and Regulations List
Asset Description Metadata Schema The Asset Description Metadata Schema (ADMS) is a vocabulary to describe interoperability assets making it possible for ICT developers to explore and search for interoperability assets. European Commission Generic / peripheral - Schema / element set
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