Structure of the map

The following categorizations are used to organize records in the map, each using concepts mapped whenever possible to external URIs or URLs with definitions provided by authoritative bodies.

 

Name Description Links and URIs
Application profile A "schema" which consist of metadata elements drawn from one or more namespaces, combined together by implementors, and optimised for a particular local application. See: http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue25/app-profiles.
Binary / text data format A specification prescribing a precise format to the way data are encoded, often hierarchical and based on multidimensional arrays.
Classification scheme Schedule of concepts and pre-coordinated combinations of concepts, arranged by classification. Source: http://wiki.dublincore.org/index.php/NKOS_Vocabularies#KOS_Types_Vocabulary Based on: ISO25964-2:2013. Information and documentation -- Thesauri and interoperability with other vocabularies. Part 2: Interoperability with other vocabularies http://w3id.org/nkos/nkostype#classification_schema
Code list A code list is a predefined list from which some statistical coded concepts take their values. Source: "GESMES/TS User Guide", Release 3.00, February, 2003
Data dictionary
Data specification A data standard written as a textual specification. It can describe a data model, a list of normalized values, a data protocol or a messaging standard and in most cases a combination thereof. Normally, if it's a specification it means that even if there might be a machine-readable version, the prescriptions in the textual specification are essential for compliance Examples are most ISO data standards and most EC data standards.
Dictionary A reference source containing words usually alphabetically arranged along with information about their forms, pronunciations, functions, etymologies, meanings, and syntactical and idiomatic uses Source: http://wiki.dublincore.org/index.php/NKOS_Vocabularies#KOS_Types_Vocabulary Based on: Merriam Webster online http://w3id.org/nkos/nkostype#dictionary
Encyclopedia
Gazetteer Geospatial dictionary of named and typed places. Source: http://wiki.dublincore.org/index.php/NKOS_Vocabularies#KOS_Types_Vocabulary Based on: NKOS definitions. Based on KOS Taxonomy http://nkos.slis.kent.edu/KOS_taxonomy.htm http://w3id.org/nkos/nkostype#gazetteer
Glossary A collection of textual glosses or of specialized terms with their meanings. Source: http://wiki.dublincore.org/index.php/NKOS_Vocabularies#KOS_Types_Vocabulary Based on: Merriam Webster online http://w3id.org/nkos/nkostype#glossary
List A limited set of terms arranged as a simple alphabetical list or in some other logically evident way; containing no relationships of any kind. Source: http://wiki.dublincore.org/index.php/NKOS_Vocabularies#KOS_Types_Vocabulary. Based on: ANSI/NISO Z39.19-2005 (R2010). Guidelines for the construction, format, and management of monolingual controlled vocabularies. ISBN: 1-880124-65-3 http://w3id.org/nkos/nkostype#list
Messaging standard "Messaging standards are standards which describe how to format syntactically (and sometimes semantically) a message usually describing some event or time related information such as an invoice or a certificate. Messages are sent because an event has occurred (a product has arrived or is ready for collection), or because an action needs to be taken (e.g.payment for an invoice). A good example is EDIFACT." (Christopher Brewster)
Model
Name authority list Controlled vocabulary for use in naming particular entities consistently. Source: http://wiki.dublincore.org/index.php/NKOS_Vocabularies#KOS_Types_Vocabulary Based on: ISO25964-2:2013. Information and documentation -- Thesauri and interoperability with other vocabularies. Part 2: Interoperability with other vocabularies http://w3id.org/nkos/nkostype#name_authority_list
Ontology A formal model that allows knowledge to be represented for a specific domain. An ontology describes the types of things that exist (classes), the relationships between them (properties) and the logical ways those classes and properties can be used together (axioms). Source: http://wiki.dublincore.org/index.php/NKOS_Vocabularies#KOS_Types_Vocabulary Based on: W3C Linked Data Glossary. W3C Working Group Note 27 June 2013 http://w3id.org/nkos/nkostype#ontology
Schema / element set Any set of data/metadata elements, like XML schemas, RDF schemas or less formalized set of descriptors. In the VEST Registry, we distinguish between a pure metadata element set (defining only basic classes and properties, like an XML schema or an RDF schema or a set of descriptors) and a real ontology defining also relationships and axioms and expressing complex models. Real ontologies are categorized under Ontology. "A metadata element set defines classes and attributes used to describe entities of interest. In Linked Data terminology, such element sets are generally made concrete through RDF Schemas or OWL Web Ontology Language ontologies, the term "RDF vocabulary" often being used as an umbrella for these." Source: W3C: https://www.w3.org/2005/Incubator/lld/XGR-lld-vocabdataset-20111025/ URL: https://www.w3.org/2001/sw/wiki/Library_terminology_informally_explained#Metadata_element_set_or_element_set
Subject heading scheme Structured vocabulary comprising terms available for subject indexing, plus rules for combining them into pre-coordinated strings of terms where necessary. Source: http://wiki.dublincore.org/index.php/NKOS_Vocabularies#KOS_Types_Vocabulary Based on: ISO25964-2:2013. Information and documentation -- Thesauri and interoperability with other vocabularies. Part 2: Interoperability with other vocabularies http://w3id.org/nkos/nkostype#subject_heading_scheme
Taxonomy Scheme of categories and subcategories that can be used to sort and otherwise organize items of knowledge or information. Source: http://wiki.dublincore.org/index.php/NKOS_Vocabularies#KOS_Types_Vocabulary Based on: ISO25964-2:2013. Information and documentation -- Thesauri and interoperability with other vocabularies. Part 2: Interoperability with other vocabularies http://w3id.org/nkos/nkostype#taxonomy
Terminology Set of designations belonging to one special language [ISO 1087-1:2000, definition 3.5.1]. Source: http://wiki.dublincore.org/index.php/NKOS_Vocabularies#KOS_Types_Vocabulary Based on: ISO25964-2:2013. Information and documentation -- Thesauri and interoperability with other vocabularies. Part 2: Interoperability with other vocabularies http://w3id.org/nkos/nkostype#terminology
Thesaurus Controlled and structured vocabulary in which concepts are represented by terms, organized so that relationships between concepts are made explicit, and preferred terms are accompanied by lead-in entries for synonyms or quasi-synonyms. Source: http://wiki.dublincore.org/index.php/NKOS_Vocabularies#KOS_Types_Vocabulary Based on: ISO25964-2:2013. Information and documentation -- Thesauri and interoperability with other vocabularies. Part 2: Interoperability with other vocabularies http://w3id.org/nkos/nkostype#thesaurus
Name Description Links and URIs
Binary
CSV Seriialization format. See IANA Media Types::http://www.iana.org/assignments/media-types/ http://www.iana.org/assignments/media-types/text/csv
HTML Seriialization format. Defined in IANA Media Types::http://www.iana.org/assignments/media-types/ http://www.iana.org/assignments/media-types/text/html
JSON Seriialization format. Defined in IANA Media Types::http://www.iana.org/assignments/media-types/ http://www.iana.org/assignments/media-types/application/json
JSON-LD JSON-LD is defined by the “JSON-LD Syntax 1.0: A Context-based JSON Serialization for Linking Data” W3C Recommendation. It has a media type: ‘application/ld+json’ and a preferred suffix: ‘.jsonld’. http://www.w3.org/ns/formats/JSON-LDhttps://www.w3.org/ns/formats/data/JSON-LD
MDB
Multi-dimensional arrays
N-Quads N-Quads is defined the “N-Quads” W3C Recommendation. It uses the general media type: ‘application/n-quads’ and a preferred suffix: ‘.nq’ https://www.w3.org/ns/formats/N-Quadshttps://www.w3.org/ns/formats/data/N-Quads
N-Triples N-Triples is defined in the “N-Triples” W3C Recommendation. It uses the general media type: ‘application/n-triples’ and a preferred suffix: ‘.nt’. http://www.w3.org/ns/formats/N-Tripleshttps://www.w3.org/ns/formats/data/N-Triples
N3 N3 is defined by the “Notation3 (N3): A readable RDF syntax” W3C Team Submission. It has a media type: ‘text/rdf+n3’. Defined also in IANA Types. http://www.w3.org/ns/formats/N3http://www.w3.org/ns/formats/data/N3
http://www.iana.org/assignments/media-types/text/n3
OBO Flat File
OBO/XML
OWL/XML OWL XML is defined by the “OWL 2 Web Ontology Language, XML Serialization” W3C Recommendation. It has a media type: ‘application/owl+xml’ and a preferred suffix: ‘.owx’. http://www.w3.org/ns/formats/OWL_XMLhttps://www.w3.org/ns/formats/data/OWL_XML
PDF http://www.iana.org/assignments/media-types/application/pdf
Plain text
RDF/JSON RDF/JSON is defined by the “RDF 1.1 JSON Alternate Serialization (RDF/JSON)” W3C Working Group Note. It has a media type: ‘application/rdf+json’ and a preferred suffix: ‘.rj’. https://www.w3.org/ns/formats/RDF_JSONhttps://www.w3.org/ns/formats/data/RDF_JSON
RDF/TriG TriG is defined by the TriG - RDF Dataset Language” W3C Recommendation. It has a media type: ‘application/trig’ and a preferred suffix: ‘.trig’. https://www.w3.org/ns/formats/TriGhttps://www.w3.org/ns/formats/data/TriG
RDF/XML RDF/XML is defined by the “RDF/XML Syntax Specification” W3C Recommendation. It has a media type: ‘application/rdf+xml’ and a preferred suffix: ‘.rdf’. http://www.w3.org/ns/formats/RDF_XMLhttp://www.w3.org/ns/formats/data/RDF_XML
RDFa RDFa is defined by the “RDFa Core 1.1: Syntax and processing rules for embedding RDF through attributes” W3C Recommendation https://www.w3.org/ns/formats/RDFahttps://www.w3.org/ns/formats/data/RDFa
Spreadsheet (xls/xslx) http://www.iana.org/assignments/media-types/application/vnd.ms-excel
TBX/XML
TSV Seriialization format. See IANA Media Types::http://www.iana.org/assignments/media-types/ http://www.iana.org/assignments/media-types/text/tab-separated-values
Turtle Turtle is defined by the “Turtle - Terse RDF Triple Language” W3C Recommendation. It has a media type: ‘text/turtle’ and a preferred suffix: ‘.ttl’. Defined also in IANA Types. http://www.w3.org/ns/formats/Turtlehttp://www.w3.org/ns/formats/data/Turtle
http://www.iana.org/assignments/media-types/text/turtle
UML model
UMLS (RRF, ORF) The fomrats used by the Unified Medical Language System (UMLS), produced and distributed by the National Library of Medicine, a part of the National Institutes of Health in the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK9685/
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK9682/
XML Seriialization format. Defined in IANA Media Types::http://www.iana.org/assignments/media-types/ http://www.iana.org/assignments/media-types/application/xml
Name Description Links and URIs
Apache License Subject to the terms and conditions of this License, each Contributor hereby grants to You a perpetual, worldwide, non-exclusive, no-charge, royalty-free, irrevocable copyright license to reproduce, prepare Derivative Works of, publicly display, publicly perform, sublicense, and distribute the Work and such Derivative Works in Source or Object form. Terms and conditions at http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0. http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
https://opensource.org/licenses/Apache-2.0
BSD 2-Clause "Simplified" or "FreeBSD" license https://opensource.org/licenses/BSD-2-Clause
BSD 3-Clause "New" or "Revised" license https://opensource.org/licenses/BSD-3-Clause
CC0 Public Domain Dedication The person who associated a work with this deed has dedicated the work to the public domain by waiving all of his or her rights to the work worldwide under copyright law, including all related and neighboring rights, to the extent allowed by law. You can copy, modify, distribute and perform the work, even for commercial purposes, all without asking permission. Source: Creative Commons. https://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/
Common Development and Distribution License https://opensource.org/licenses/CDDL-1.0
Copyrighted
Copyrighted, re-use allowed
Creative Commons Attribution You are free to Share (copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format), Adapt (remix, transform, and build upon the material) for any purpose, even commercially, under the following terms: Attribution — You must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. You may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses you or your use. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivs You are free to Share (copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format) for any purpose, even commercially, under the following terms: Attribution — You must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. You may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses you or your use. NoDerivatives — If you remix, transform, or build upon the material, you may not distribute the modified material. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/4.0
Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial You are free to Share (copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format), Adapt (remix, transform, and build upon the material), under the following terms: Attribution — You must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. You may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses you or your use. NonCommercial — You may not use the material for commercial purposes. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0
Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs You are free to Share (copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format) under the following terms: Attribution — You must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. You may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses you or your use. NonCommercial — You may not use the material for commercial purposes. NoDerivatives — If you remix, transform, or build upon the material, you may not distribute the modified material. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0
Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike You are free to Share (copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format), Adapt (remix, transform, and build upon the material), under the following terms: Attribution — You must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. You may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses you or your use. NonCommercial — You may not use the material for commercial purposes. ShareAlike — If you remix, transform, or build upon the material, you must distribute your contributions under the same license as the original. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0
Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike You are free to Share (copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format), Adapt (remix, transform, and build upon the material) for any purpose, even commercially, under the following terms: Attribution — You must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. You may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses you or your use. ShareAlike — If you remix, transform, or build upon the material, you must distribute your contributions under the same license as the original. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/
Custom open source license
GNU General Public License (GPL) https://opensource.org/licenses/gpl-license
GNU Library or "Lesser" General Public License (LGPL) https://opensource.org/licenses/lgpl-license
MIT license https://opensource.org/licenses/MIT
ODC Attribution License You are free to Share: to copy, distribute and use the database; to Create: to produce works from the database; to Adapt: to modify, transform and build upon the database. As long as you: Attribute: you must attribute any public use of the database, or works produced from the database, in the manner specified in the license. For any use or redistribution of the database, or works produced from it, you must make clear to others the license of the database and keep intact any notices on the original database. http://opendatacommons.org/licenses/by/1.0/
ODC Open Database License You are free: to Share: to copy, distribute and use the database; to Create: to produce works from the database; to Adapt: to modify, transform and build upon the database. As long as you: Attribute: You must attribute any public use of the database, or works produced from the database, in the manner specified in the ODbL. For any use or redistribution of the database, or works produced from it, you must make clear to others the license of the database and keep intact any notices on the original database. Share-Alike: If you publicly use any adapted version of this database, or works produced from an adapted database, you must also offer that adapted database under the ODbL. Keep open: If you redistribute the database, or an adapted version of it, then you may use technological measures that restrict the work (such as DRM) as long as you also redistribute a version without such measures. http://opendatacommons.org/licenses/odbl/
ODC Public Domain Dedication and License You are free: to Share: to copy, distribute and use the database; to Create: to produce works from the database; to Adapt: to modify, transform and build upon the database. The PDDL imposes no restrictions on your use of the PDDL licensed database. http://opendatacommons.org/licenses/pddl/#sthash.CPvbUxqx.dpuf
Public Domain Mark No copyright. This work has been identified as being free of known restrictions under copyright law, including all related and neighboring rights. You can copy, modify, distribute and perform the work, even for commercial purposes, all without asking permission. See Other Information below. https://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/mark/1.0/
W3C License Permission to use, copy, modify, and distribute this software and its documentation, with or without modification, for any purpose and without fee or royalty is hereby granted, provided that you include the following on ALL copies of the software and documentation or portions thereof, including modifications, that you make: (read full notice at http://www.opensource.org/licenses/W3C) http://www.opensource.org/licenses/W3C
[Other non-open license]
[Other open license]
Name Description Links and URIs
Agricultural Research, Technology and Engineering Includes agricultural research, research management, agricultural tehcnologies, biotechnologies, agricultural engineering. http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_7644
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_6513
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_8673
Agro- Economics, Business and Industry Includes agricultural economics, agroindustry, agribusiness, markets, investment. http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_208
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_28831
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_1161
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_8672
Animal Science and Animal Products Includes animal science, livestock management, animal husbandry, animal production, animal feeds. http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_437
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_441
Education and Agricultural Extension Includes agricultural extension, advisory services, education, capacity development. http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_2762
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_8631
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_37834
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_2488
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_37836
Farms and Farming Systems Includes farm management, farming systems, agroforestry, agropastoral systems, agropisciculture, alternative agriculture, arable farming, climate-smart agriculture, collective farming, precision agriculture, conservation agriculture, family farming... http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_2799
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_2807
Fisheries and Aquaculture Includes aquaculture, fish cultures, fisheries, fishing... http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_550
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_2934
Food and Human Nutrition Includes food chains, food supply, nutrition, food composition... http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_49892
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_3014
Forest Science and Forest Products Includes forestry, forest management, forest protection, reforestation, forest vegetation... http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_3055
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_16129
Government, Agricultural Law and Regulations Includes agricultural law, governmental entities and activities, policies, national and international legislation and regulations. http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_12106
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_4253
Health and Pathology Includes human health, animal pathology, plant pathology, diseases. For animal pathology, select this and Animal science; for plant pathology, select this and Plant science. http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_5631
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_49879
Natural Resources, Earth and Environment Includes natural resources management, environment sciences, earth sciences, soil sciences, water conservation, land use... http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_5091
Plant Science and Plant Products Includes plant anatomy, plant growth, plant health, plant products, crops, plant protection, germplasm, phenotypes... http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_5978
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_5979
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_5981
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_3249
Rural and Agricultural Sociology Includes rural development, rural population rural poverty, rural demography, rural sociology. http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_6701
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_6707
[Peripheral / neighbouring domains]
Name Description Links and URIs
Administration and legislation resources
Information resource metadata This refers to metadata describing information resources. It refers to the type of information resource described and in that sense this category is domain-independent: the resource described can pertain to any domain. These metadata datasets don't contain the data directly, but describe and give access to either unstructured information resources like documents, journals and multimedia or structured resources like datasets or catalogs.
Natural Resources, Earth and Environment data
Research and agronomic data Data generated from agricultural research (observations, field experiments, accessions) and scientific data (taxonomies, chemical elements, molecule composition...) plus data on agronomic practices and agricultural technologies.
Social / institutional, management, collaboration and coordination
Socio-economic data Includes Market Data, Demographic data, Value chain data (Food product data, farm data), Infrastructure data, Agriculture production aggregates...
[General / cross-cutting]
[Other / various types]